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Ch 16:Acids & Bases

Incudes Acid/Base Definitions, Strong Acids, Conjugates, Classification, Buffers

What are the Arrhenius Definitions? When in water, acids release hydrogen and bases release hydroxide
The Hydronium Ion is......? The H+ ion produced by an acid in water that does not exist in isolation, but is bonded to a water molecule.
What are the Arrhenius Experimental Definitions of Acids? Acids turn blue litmus red, taste sour, they react with active metals and bases to form salt and water.
What are the Arrhenius Experimental Definitions of Bases? Bases turn red litmus blue, taste bitter, feel slippery, and react with acids to form a salt and water.
What are the three types of acids? They are Monoprotic acids, diprotic acids, and triprotic acids.
What is a monoprotic acid? A monoprotic acid releases one hydrogen ion per formula
What is a diprotic acid? Diprotic acids release two hydrogen protons per formula unit.
What is a triprotic acid? triprotic acids release three hydrogen protons per unit formula
What are the 6 strong acids? Hydrochloric (HCl) Hydrobromic (HBr) Hydroiodic (HI) Sulfuric (H2SO4) Nitric (HNO3) Perchloric (HClO4)
What is the most important chemical in the world? Sulfuric Acid is the most important chemical in the world.
What are the organic acids? Malic Acid, Citric Acid, lactic Acid, buytric acid, amino acid, and DNA.
What are the organic bases? Sodium Hydroxide, Potassium Hydroxide, Magnesium Hydroxide, and Calcium Hydroxide
What is the Bronsted Lowry Definition for an acid? They state acids are proton donors.
What is a conjugate? Conjugates are mates located on the product side of the equation.
What does amphoteric mean? The word amphoteric refers to a substance which can behave as either an acid or base.
What is the Bronsted Lowry Definition for a base? Bases are proton accentors.
What is the Lewis Definition of an Acid? An Acid is an electron pair acceptor.
What is the Lewis Definition of a Base? A Base is an electron pair donor.
What happens during the self-ionization of water? A reactor occurs in which water molecules produce ions.
What is a neutral solution? In a neutral solution, the ions are balanced.
How do you read the pH scale? If a number is under 7, it is an acid. If the number is 7 directly, it is neutral. If a number is over 7, it is a base.
How much is a Hydronium ion worth? 1.0 * 10(^-7)
How much is a Hydroxide ion worth? 1.0 * 10(^-7)
Created by: jennahamilton



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