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Acids and Bases

Molarity a measure of solution concentration (how much substance mixed in H2O)
M= M= mol/L (moles of solute / liters of solution)
The bigger the number in front of M... The more concentrated the solution is
Concentrated high molarity or large number of solute particles (less solvent)
Dilute low molarity or small number of solute particles (more solvent)
Dilution equation M1V1 = M2V2
Properties of acids: -sour or tart -conduct electricity in solutions -react with metals to produce hydrogen gas
Properties of bases: -taste bitter and feel slippery -conduct electricity in solutions -react with fats, oils, and waxes
Acidic solutions contain: more H+ than OH-
Basic solutions contain: more OH- than H+
-IDE hydro____ic acid
-ATE ____ic acid (no "hydro")
-ITE ____ous acid (no "hydro")
Acids are hydrogen ion donors
Bases are hydrogen ion accepters
Conjugate acid: an acid that forms when a base gains an H+
Conjugate base: a base that forms when an acid loses an H+
Strong acid: an acid that ionizes completely in a solvent (like H2O)
Examples of strong acids: HCL, H2SO4, HNO3, HCLO4, HI
Weak acid: an acid that does not completely ionize in H2O
Examples of weak acids: the ones that aren't listed as "Strong"
Strong base: a base that completely ionizes in H2O
Weak base: a base that does not completely ionize in H2O
Strong electrolytes STRONG BASES and STRONG ACIDS that conduct electricity
Weak electrolytes WEAK ACIDS and WEAK BASES that conduct electricity
Concentration deals with _______; strength deals with _______ Molarity; ionization
The terms "Weak" and "Strong" are used to: compare strengths of acids and bases
The terms "Dilute" and "Concentrated" are used to: describe the concentration of solutions
What is the difference between strong and concentrated solutions? Dilute and weak?
OH- and H+ are inversely related (when one goes up, the other goes down)
Acidic pH lower than 7
Basic pH greater than 7
Acid Base Titrations the general process of determining molarity of an acid/base through the use of an acid-base reaction
Acid Base Titrations Equation MAVA = MBVB
Equivalence point when the amount of H ions are equal to the amount of OH- ions
End point the point in titration when color change happens
Created by: mma129