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chemistry 12


Anything being dissolved? Solute
Substance doing the dissolving is called? Solvent
A solute dissolved in a solvent? a solution
All phases can be the solute? true
Solids and liquids can always be the solvent? True
Miscible means? mixable
Non mixable? Immiscible
Dissolving process in solid liquid solutions? Solvation
Solvation in water? Hydration
Solvation of ionic compounds? Dissociation
Covalent compounds forming ions when they dissolve? Ionization
Energy change during dissolving process? Enthalpy
Like dissolves? like
Polar dissolves? Polar
A solute that is able to dissolve in a solvent? Soluble
A solute that isn't able to dissolve? insoluble
Balance of 2 things? equalibrium
Unsaturated? No solute could be dissolved
Supersaturated? more than the maximum amount of solute is dissolved.
Saturated? The maximum amount of solute is dissolved
escape of a gas from a liquid-gas solution? efervesence
the solubility of gases increases with the partial pressure of the gases above the solution? Henry's Law
Amount of solute that is dissolved? Concentration
Diffusion through a semi-permeable membrane? Osmosis
Amount of pressure required to stop osmosis? Osmotic pressure
Homogeneous mixture that doesn't seperate? Solution
Heterogeneous mixture that will eventually seperate? Suspension
Molarity = Mol/L
molality= Mol/kg
to convert kg to grams? multiply by 1,000
How to change ml to L? Divide by 1,000
Mixture containing small particles that remain dispersed in a medium? Colloid
The scattering of light through a colloid? Tyndall effect
Particles that exhibit random movement? Brownian movement
Increase in solute particles lowers the freezing point? true
Increase in solute particles does what to the boiling point? raises it!
Created by: Kyle Witt