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Chem Solute Terms

Solute Dissolved particles; Present in the lesser amount; sometimes phase changes (S=L); Uniformat dispersed throughout
Solvent Dissolving medium; that which is present in the greater amount; doesn't change phase
Dissociation Separation of ions from each other
Solvation Process that occurs when a solute dissolves; solvent dissolves solute
Hydration Reaction of a substance with water
Solution Equilibrium Balance between dissolved and undissolved solutions
Miscibility If two substances can dissolve in each other
Factors that increase rate of solution Stir/shake solution; Expose more surface by crushing the solution; Warm the solution
Saturated solution Contain the maximum amount of solute at the temperature
Unsaturated Solution Contains less than the max amount of solute at the temperature
Supersaturated Solution Contains more than the max amount at the given temperature (more solute than the solvent can hold)
Concentration measure of the relative proportions of two or more quantities in a mixture
Precipitation A reaction that leads to the formation of a heavier solid in a lighter liquid
Precipitate an insoluble solid that emerges from a liquid solution
Created by: FaithRaquel2015