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Ch. 12 Alkanes

Ch. 12 Alkanes Chem51 ELAC

organic compounds compounds that contain the element carbon
4 covalent bonds formed by carbon
1 covalent bonds formed by hydrogen
Hydrocarbons organic compounds that contain only H and C atoms
Alkanes are hydrocarbons having only C-C and C-H single bonds
acyclic alkanes contain chains of C atoms but no rings.
C(n)H(2n+2) acyclic alkane formula
saturated alkanes have the maximum number of H atoms per C atom.
Cycloalkanes contain C atoms joined in on or more rings
C(n)H(2n) cycloalkanes formula
-ane all alkane molecules have names that end in the suffix
Methane is a one-carbon alkane
Ethane is a two-carbon alkane
propane is a three carbon alkane
Butane is a four-carbon alkane
Four carbons can be a straight-chain or branched-chain alkane
Isomers are two different compounds with the same molecular formula
1 carbon methane
2 carbon ethane
3 carbon propane
4 carbon butane
5 Carbon pentane
6 carbon hexane
7 carbon heptane
8 carbon octane
9 carbon nonane
10 carbon decane
Are alkanes soluble or insoluble in water? insoluble
combustion An oxidation reaction in which carbon-containing compounds react with oxygen to form carbon dioxide (CO2) and water.
Created by: 725650999