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8 Rock Cycle

Rock cycle keywords

QuestionAnswer
A process in which water is squeezed out of the spaces between pieces of rock leaving mineral salts behind which stick (cement) the rock pieces together. cementation
Something that has been stuck together. cemented
Soft white or grey rock formed from the shells of small sea animals. chalk
When layers of sediment or rock are squashed by the weight of sediment above them. compaction
When moving water drops rock fragments or grains. deposits
The remains of a dead animal or plant that became trapped in layers of sediment and turned into rock. fossil
Tiny, rounded piece of rock. grain
A sedimentary rock made from the shells of dead sea creatures consisting mainly of calcium carbonate. limestone
The chemicals that rocks are made from. minerals
Porous rocks can soak up water. porous
A sedimentary rock made from rounded grains of sand. sandstone
Rock grains and fragments dropped on the bottom of a river, lake or sea. sediment
Rock formed from layers of sediment. sedimentary rock
The movement of rock grains and fragments by wind or water. transport
Rocks that have been worn away or broken up by chemical, biological or physical processes. weathered
Something which contains a lot of compounds called carbonates. carbonate-rich
Soft white or grey rock formed from the shells of small sea animals. chalk
Any sign of past life that has been preserved in a rock. fossil
A sedimentary rock made from the shells of dead sea creatures. limestone
A type of limestone formed when water evaporates and leaves calcium carbonate behind. oolite
Molten rock beneath the surface of the Earth. magma
A metamorphic rock formed from limestone. marble
A word meaning ‘changed’. metamorphic
Rocks that have been formed by changing igneous or sedimentary rocks. metamorphic rocks
A sedimentary rock made from mud. mudstone
A metamorphic rock formed from sandstone. quartzite
A sedimentary rock made from rounded grains of sand. sandstone
A metamorphic rock with tiny crystals, formed from mudstone. slate
An igneous rock with very tiny crystals. basalt
Forces holding particles together. bonds
The solid rocks at the surface of the Earth. crust
An igneous rock with large crystals. granite
A rock formed when magma or lava cooled down and solidified. igneous rock
Molten rock that runs out of volcanoes. lava
The part of the Earth below the crust. mantle
The tiny pieces that everything is made out of. particles
A place where lava flows out of the Earth. volcano
All the processes which form sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks, linked together. rock cycle
Created by: grovebiol