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Chem 108 Chapter

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Digestion the breakdown of food into small molecules
Pentose Phosphate Pathway Multistep pathway yields 2 products important to our metabolism
What is the major fuel for your body? Glucose
Glycolysis A series of 10 enzyme-catalyzed and reactions that convert glucose molecule into two pyruvate molecules
What is step 1 of Glycolysis? Phosphoration
What is step 2 of Glycolysis? isomerization of glucose 6- phosphate to fructose6-phosphate
What is step 3 of Glycolysis? makes a second energy investment as fructose 6-phosphate is converted to fructose 1,6 biphosphate bt reaction with ATP in another exergonic reaction
What is step 4 & 5 of Glycolysis? Cleavage & Isomerization
What is step 6-10 of Glycolysis? Energy Generation
What is Fructose? It is from fruits or hydrolysis of the disaccharide sucrose
What is Galactose? It is from hydrolysis of the disaccharide lactose
What is Mannose? A product of the hydrolysis of plant polysaccharides other than starch.
During aerobic oxidation what is the first thing that moves across the outer mitochondrial membrane? Pyruvate
Fermentation Microorganisms often must survive in the absence of oxygen and have evolved numerous anaerobic strategies for energy production
Alcoholic Fermentation When pyruvate undergoes fermentation by yeast, it is converted into ethanol plus carbon dioxide
Hypoglycemia Causes weakness, sweating and rapid heartbeat
Hypergycemia Causes increased urine flow as the normal osmolarity balance of fluids within the kidney is disturbed.
Diabetes Mellitus One of the most common metabolic diseases
Glycogenesis occurs ehrn glucose concentrations are high
Glycogenolysis Occurs in the two steps
Created by: mmbarber