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QuestionAnswer
Disciplines from which psychology originates.. Psychology was born of the schools of philosophy and physiology.born in 1879 after being heavily promoted by Wilhelm Wundt.
Where, when, and by whom was the first laboratory established? Where: University of Leipzig (Germany) When: 1879 Whom: Wilhelm Wundt
Introspection is the careful, systematic, self-observation, of one's own conscious experience.
Functionalism Investigate the function or purpose of consciousness do we think/behave/react in specific manners
Structuralsim analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related.
Cognition Mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge.
Psychology Science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie behavior.
Steps of scientific method 1 formulate a hypothesis. 2 design the study. 3 collect the data. 4 analyze the data. 5 report the findings.
Experimental research method detects cause-effect relationships by manipulating variables.
Descriptive/correlational research method Observes whether there is a ling between variables of interest because the researcher doesn't have the control to manipulate the variables.
Independent Variable experimenter manipulates/varies this input
Dependent Variable variable thought to be affected by manipulation.
Extraneous Variable that can influence the study.
Control Group Group receiving no treatment
Statistics is the use of math to organize, summarize, and interpret numerical data.
Mean Average
Median Middle of the scores
Mode number that appears most frequently
Central Tendency Types a measure of central tendency. most common measures of central tendency are the mean, the median, and the mode.
Positive correlation The dots on the graph are going to the right corner of the graph.
Negative Correlation The dots are descending to the bottom left corner.
Standart Deviation is the index of the amount of variability in the data.
Ethical guidelines (first 3) 1 A subject's participation should be voluntary and with infomed consent. 2 Harmful, dangerous procedures are prohibited. 3 Any necessary deception must be disclosed to participants after the study.
Ethical guidelines (last 3) 4 Do no violate a subject's privacy. 5 Harm to animals must be justified. 6 Approval should be obtained from host institutions prior and results should be reported after.
Sample a small collect of data
Bias leaning towards one side of a view more.
Case Study
Longitudal Study
Cross Sectional Method
Replicated
Placebo
Skinner Box
Created by: rachel_tom