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Chem Chapter 6

semimetal boron
aluminum, gallium, indium, and thallium metals
3rd most abundant element in earth's crust, 2nd in production, strong when alloyed, structural material aluminum
50% found in limestone, fossil fuels, diamond and graphite, natural gas, organic chemistry, beverages, dry ice carbon
2nd most abundant, transistors, solar cells, and glass silicon
electronic devices germanium
coat steel cans tin
car batteries lead
80% of the earth's atmosphere, fertilizer and ammonia, _______ fixation nitrogen
found in all living organisms, give soft drinks their tart or sour taste phosphorus
most abundant element on earth by mass, 23% of air, 89% of water, 46% of crust, colorless, odorless, tasteless gas oxygen
known as brimstone, iron pyrite, added to natural gas to make leak detection easier, detergents, lubricants, paints, plastics, insecticides, pharmaceuticals, food additives, explosives, and lead storage batteries sulfur
fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, astatine halogens
yellow gas, corrosive, most reactive of all the elements, chlorofluorocarbons, lubricants and Teflon fluorine
green-yellow gas, salt, bleach, polyvinyl chloride, plastics, hazardous to humans sometimes chlorine
dark red liquid, fire retardants, pesticides, photographic films bromine
dark gray solid, Kl + NaCl, tincture iodine
astatine radioactive solid
most abundant noble gas argon
most commercially important helium
radioactive noble gas radon
Created by: mpiontek