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P JESSIE PHARM CH 3

PHARMACOLOGY CHAPTER 3

QuestionAnswer
Body systems? cadiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointetinal, endocrine, hematologic
Cardiovascular heart(a muscle) & vessels- to pump blood tp the tissues of the body
Myocardial Infraction heart attack, loss of oxygen
When the heart contracts systole, top # on blood pressure
When the heart rests diasystole, bottom # on blood pressure
Blood pressure is regulated by? capillaries
Regulates almost all of the electrical systems in the body? sodium-potassium pump
Diseases of the cardiovascular system (heart)? congestive heart failure (CHF), heart /valve,coronary artery,arrythmia, myocardial,pericardial,cardiac tumors, aortic,peripheral vascular
Arrhythmia irregular
Electrolytes help the heart pump? potassium(k+),sodium(Na+),chloride(Cl-)
Respiratory system (lungs) responsible for exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide
Diseases of the respiratory system?// chronic obstructive pulmonary(COPD), bronchitis,asthma,bronchiectasis,cystic fibrosis,emphysema,lung cancer, pneumonconioses,pneumonitis,sarcoidosis, pulmonary hypertension
symptoms of COPD short & fast breaths,clubbing of the finger nails(flat nail bed)
Renal system (kidneys)responsible overall volume of the body(homeostasis),elimination of large amounts of medications by the tubules & waste,regulates blood pressure by hormones, controls red blood cells by hormones
Gastrointestinal system (GI tract), digestive system
Diseases if the GI? peptic ulcer disease
Endocrine system vast array of homones and organs that help regulate many specific bodily functions(blood sugar & thyroid gland)
Hypothalamic Pituitary Axis regulates the endocrine system,groth hormone, adenocoriticotropic hormone(ACTH),prolactin (breast milk), thyroid-simulating hormone(TSH)
Pancreas (Endocrine system) controls blood sugar
Hematolologic system contains all parts of the blood-proteins,red blood cells,ect. that carries oxygen to the cells and takes away waste from the cells
Coagulation ability for blood to clot
Platelets small cells in the blood that helps blood to clot
Manuubrium bone in the center of the chest where blood is formed in the bone marrow
Red blood cells lives 120 days and carries oxygen
Diseases of the hematolgic system? anemia-low iron level
Test for coagulation? PTT(partial thromboplastin time) PT(prothrobin time)
The hearts contains how many chambers? 4
Myocardial infraction is another term for what condition? heart attack
Real pressure in the body is regukated by veery small vessels called? cappillaries
What regulates almost all the electrical systems? sodium potassium pummp
Respiratory system is responsible for exchanging whal? oxygen and carbon dioxide
Typical age for cystic fibrosis? mid 20s
Clubbing of the fingernails? COPD
Organ resonsible for elimination of medications? kidneys
Deficiency in the kidneys? renal dysfunction
Gastrointestinal system begins at what body part? mouth
Explain how diarrhea can be a problem when taking medication. the medication doesnt have time to absorb into the body, it comes out to fast.
Created by: PAJJ21