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Physics Vocabulary 2

Science

QuestionAnswer
energy the ability to do work or cause change
potential energy stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
elastic potential energy the energy of stretched or compressed objects
kinetic energy energy an object has due to its motion
gravitational potential energy potential energy that depends on the height of an object
mechanical energy kinetic or potential energy associated with the motion or position of an object
thermal energy the total potential and kinetic energy of particles in an object
electrical energy the energy if electrical charges
chemical energy the potential energy stored in chemical bonds
nuclear energy the potential energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
electromagnetic energy the energy of light and other forms of raiation
energy transformation the process of changing from one energy form to another
law of conservation of energy the rule that energy cannot be created or be destroyed
temperature the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of matter
absolute zero the temperature at which no more energy can be taken from matter
conduction the transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another
convection the transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid
radiation the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
conductor the transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another
insulator a material that does not conduct heat well
melting the change from a solid to a liquid
freezing the change from a liquid to a solid
evaporation vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid
boiling vaporization that occurs below the surface of a liquid
condensation the change from a gas to a liquid
thermal expansion the expansion of matter when it is heated up
law of universal gravitation the force of gravity acts between all objects in the universe
Created by: 11900