Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Science C2 Topic 4

Edexcel GCSE additional science chemistry: groups in the periodic table

QuestionAnswer
How do ionic compounds form and what is the relative melting/ boiling point, relative solubility in water and ability to conduct electricity? Formed when a metal loses electrons to become a cation and a non-metal gains electrons to become an anion. High melting and boiling points. Many are water soluble. Conduct electricity when molten/ in a solution.
How do simple molecular covalent compounds form and what is the relative melting/ boiling point, relative solubility in water and ability to conduct electricity? Atoms share electrons to gain full outer shells and are joined by covalent bonds. Low melting and boiling points. Some are water soluble. Don't conduct electricity.
How do giant molecular covalent compounds form and what is the relative melting/ boiling point, relative solubility in water and ability to conduct electricity? Billions of atoms share electrons to get full outer shells and are held together by covalent bonds. High melting/ boiling points. None are water soluble. Don't conduct electricity (apart from graphite)
What is the structure of metals? Metals are a regular arrangement of positive metal ions surrounded by a 'sea of electrons' that are delocalised and move around the positive ions randomly
What are some properties of metals + reasons? * malleable because layers can slide without fracturing the structure as the delocalised electrons maintain strong bonds * good electrical conductors as the delocalised electrons carry the charge. * good heat conductors as electrons transfer the energy
Where are transition metals found in the periodic table and what are their properties? They are found in the central block of the periodic table and they form coloured compounds and have high melting points
Where are alkali metals found in the periodic table- what does this show? Group 1- this shows they have 1 electron in their outer shell
What are some properties of alkali metals? * soft metals. *solid at room temp but comparatively low boiling point.
What is formed when an alkali metal reacts with water? A metal hydroxide + hydrogen gas (this is exothermic)
Does the reactivity alkali metals increase or decrease as you go down the group and why? Increase, because the outer electrons of the lower elements are further from the nucleus and aren't held on as strongly, as the forces between the positive and negative charges are weaker
Where are halogens found in the periodic table- what does this show? They are found in group 7 of the periodic table, so they have 7 electrons in their outer shells
What is the colour and state of fluorine at room temperature? Pale yellow, gas
What is the colour and state of chlorine at room temperature? Green, gas
What is the colour and state of bromine at room temperature? Brown, liquid
What is the colour and state of iodine at room temperature? Grey, solid
What is formed when halogens react with metals? Metal halides
Does the reactivity halogens increase or decrease as you go down the group? Decrease
What is formed when halogens react with hydrogen? Hydrogen halides, which dissolve in water to form acids
What happens in a displacement reaction? A more reactive halogen will displace a less reactive halide in an aqueous solution
Where are noble gases found in the periodic table- what does this show? Group 0/8- this means they have a full outer shell so are inert and react with very little
Explain the discovery of the noble gases Scientists noticed that nitrogen produced from a reaction was less dense than nitrogen from air by removing other gases. They hypothesised that there was a denser gas with the nitrogen from the air. They carried out experiments and discovered argon.
What are some uses of noble gases? Xenon and argon were formerly used in filament lamps as they are inert. Argon is used in fire-extinguishing as it is nonflammable. Helium has a low density so balloons and airships are filled with it. Argon and helium are used in welding as they are inert
Created by: 11043