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Accounting Terms2

Foundations of Business Ch. 16 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
budget a financial statement that projects income and expenditures or both over a specified future period
capital budget a financial statement that estimates a firm’s expenditures for major assets and its long-term financing needs
cash budget a financial statement that estimates cash receipts and cash expenditures over a specified period
cash flow the movement of money into and out of an organization
collateral real estate or property pledged as security for a loan
commercial a short-term promissory note issued by a large corporation
common stock stock whose owners may vote on corporate matters but whose claims on profits and assets are subordinate to the claims of others
equity capital money received from the owners or from the sale of shares of ownership in a business
factor a firm that specializes in buying other firms’ accounts receivable
financial management all of the activities concerned with obtaining money and using it effectively
financial plan a plan for obtaining and using the money needed to implement an organization’s goals
initial public offering (IPO) occurs when a corporation sells common stock to the general public for the first time
investment banking firm an organization that assists corporations in raising funds, usually by helping to sell new issues of stocks, bonds, or other financial securities
long-term financing money that will be used for longer than one year
preferred stock stock whose owners usually do not have voting rights but whose claims on dividends and assets are paid before those of common-stock owners
promissory note a written pledge by a borrower to pay a certain sum of money to a creditor at a specified future date
retained earnings the portion of a corporation’s profits not distributed to stockholders
securities exchange a marketplace where member brokers meet to buy and sell securities
short-term financing money that will be used for one year or less
trade credit a type of short-term financing extended by a seller who does not require immediate payment after delivery of merchandise
unsecured financing financing that is not backed by collateral
Created by: BreAnna Hegeman