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Science 14 - Energy

TermDefinition
energy The ability to do work or cause a change
potential energy the energy something has because of its position
kinetic energy energy of motion
thermal energy a form of energy that is created using heat. This form of energy makes particles of matter move faster.
chemical energy a form of energy that is the result of chemicals reacting to each other or to some action
mechanical energy the energy of moving objects, or the energy of moving parts of a machine
electrical energy energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor
light energy the form of energy associated with visible light
solar energy energy from the sun
reflect to bounce off of
refract to bend
absorb to take in
electric charge tiny amount of energy in the particles of matter
electric current the movement of an electric charge from one place to another
electric circuit the path that a controlled electric current flows through
opaque light is blocked
transparent light passes through easily
translucent light is blurred
attract move towards each other
repel move away from each other
electromagnetic radiation energy that travels through space in the form of light and other types of energy
convection the movement of warm liquids or gases to cooler areas
conduction transfer of thermal energy between objects that are in contact
Created by: ascogna