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Unit 2: Matter

Matter anything that has mass and occupies space
Mass amount of matter(in grams)
Properties definite set of characteristics that define a sustance
Extensive Property property that depends on sample size
Intensive Property property that does not depend on sample size
Physical Property can be measured or observed without producing a new substance
Chemical Property ability of a substance to produce a new substance
Physical Change change in a physical property
Chemical Change change that produces a new substance
Mixtures two or more substances
Homogenous Mixtures each substance is evenly dispersed throughout
Heterogenous Mixture each substance is not uniformly dispersed
Pure Substance any matter that is homogenous and has a fixed composition by mass
Elements atoms of a single type that cannot be decomposed further (gold, carbon)
Compounds two or more elements that are chemically combined (NaCl, H20)
Solution a homogeneous mixture
Solute What is dissolved in a solution
Solvent What the solute is dissolved in ( water)
Aqueous Solution (aq) water is the solvent
Universal Solvent water
Filter material that allows small particles to pass through while trapping large particles
Filtrate substance that passes through filter
Residue substance that remains in the filter
Distilation used to separate solutions by using boiling points
Chromatography separated components of a mixtures, based on attraction with the transporting medium
Created by: owenwelsh