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# math vocab

Term | Definition |
---|---|

absolute value | the distance of an integer from zero on a number line |

algebraic expression | an expression that includes at least one variable |

area | the number of square units needed to cover a surface with out any gaps or over laps |

base | a number used as a repeated factor |

base (geometry) | in two dimensions, one side of a triangle or a parallelogram which is used to help find the area |

box plot | a graph that shows how data are distributed using the median, quartiles, least value, and greatest value |

capacity | the amount a container can hold |

coefficient | a number that is multiplied by a variable |

common factor | a number that is a factor of two or more numbers |

composite figure | a figure that is made up of two or more simpler figures |

congruent | having the same size and shape |

Addend | a number that is added to give a sum. |

Integers | the positive and negative whole numbers. (whole numbers and their opposites) |

Decimal | another way of writing a fraction. |

Factors | numbers that are multiplied to give a product. |

Digits | whole numbers 0-9 which are used to make up all other numbers |

Quotient | the result when one number is divided by another. |

Numerator | the number in a fraction that tells how many equal parts of the whole are being considered |

GCF | the largest number that can be divided by two or more numbers evenly |

Divisor | the number the dividend is being divided by |

Reciprocals | two numbers which when multiplied equal a product of 1. |

Dividend | the number being divided in a division problem. |

Denominator | the number in a fraction that tells how many equal parts are in the whole |

Benchmark | a familiar number used as a point of reference |

Prime factorization | a number written as the product of prime numbers. all |

Repeating decimal | a decimal representation of a number that has one or more digits that reappear infinitely. |

Equivalent fractions | fractions that name the same part and have the same value |

Simplest form | the numerator and denominator have only 1 as a common factor |

Terminating decimal | a decimal representation of a number that eventually ends. |

Mixed number | a number made up of a whole number and a fraction |

Natural/ counting numbers | the whole numbers greater than zero; beginning with 1 |

Multiple | the whole numbers greater than zero; beginning with 1 |

Composite number | a number > 1 that has more than two whole-number factors |

Prime number | a number that has only two factors, 1 and itself |