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chemistry terms 2

definitionterm
C compund with a CC tripple bond alkynes
particle with 2 protons and 2 neutrons (Helium nucleus) alpha particle radiation
negatively charged ion anion
theoretical reactor that produces more fissionable fuel than it consumes breeder reactor
electrode where oxidation occurs anode
atomic mass unit, weight of C12 atom AMU
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom atomic number
6.022 x 10^23; number of particles per mole of a substance Avogadro's number
H+ acceptor; produces an excells of OH- ions in solution base
radiation composed of electrons beta particle
unit of energy; 1 cal = 4.18 joules calorie
electrode at which reduction occurs cathode
chargfe holding abiligy capacitance
positively charged ion cation
a molecule that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image chiral
attractive forces between like molecules cohesive forces
smallest amount of fissionable material needed to sustain a chain reaction critical mass
transfer of heat by contact conduction
transfer of heat by circulation currents convection
Ohm's law (I=V/R) current/voltage relationship
Mass/volume ratio density
aka heavy hydrogen, extra neutron deuterium
light spreading when passing through a slit diffraction
change in sound frequency due to object moving Doppler effect
solid carbon dioxide dry ice
substance that produces ions in a solution electrolyte
electromotive force; electrical pressure measured in volts EMF
reaction in which heat is absorbed endothermic
measure of disorder in a system entropy
reaction in which heat is given off exothermic
charge equal to 1 mole of electrons faraday
splitting of a large nucleus into two or more fission
joining of 2 light nuclei to form a more massive one fusion
gas temp/volume relationships charles' law
gas pressure/volume relationship boyle's law
lowest energuy and most stable state ground state
energuy required to melt a solid heat of fusion
energuy required to vaporize a liquid heat of vaporization
commercial ammonia making process Haber process
PV=nRT ideal gas law
electrically charged atom ion
compounds whose molecules are the same but have different structures isomer
atoms of the same element with different nummber of neutrons, thus having different molecular weights isotope
energuy of motion kinetic energy
electron pair acceptor Lewis acid
electron pair donor Lewis base
number of protons and neutrons in a nucleus mass number
curved upper surface of a liquid column meniscus
liquids that mix with eachother in all proportions miscible
concentration given by: moles of substance./liters of solution molarity
6.02 x 10^23 particles of a substance mole
product of mass and velocity of an object momentum
electronically neutral particle w/ that same mass as a proton neutron
gasses that dont form compounds easily noble gasses/ inert gasses
net movement of a solvent towards an area of greater solute concentration osmosis
process in which a substance loses one or more electrons oxidation
molecule with 3 oxygen atoms ozone
bundle of light particles photon
repeating units of molecules in a chain polymer
rate at which work is done power
transfer of heat by waves radiation
light bending refraction
Moh's Scale scale of hardness
density of an object relative to water specific gravity
relationships among the quantities of products and reactants in a chemical reaction stoichiometry
substance that undergoes a change at low temperatures that allows it to conduct electricity with zero resistance superconductor
intermolecular cohesive attraction that causes a liquid to minimize its surface area surface tension
energuy is conserved thermodynamics law #1
entropy (disorder) is increasing thermodynamics law#2
device that changes electrical voltage transformer
temperature at which solid, liquid, and gas phases exist in equilibrium triple point
outermost electrons used in bonding valence electrons
tending to evaporate readily valatile
movement of an object against a force work
Created by: Rubashov404