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The Quantum Atom

Sphere shaped orbitals s orbitals
dumbbell shaped orbitals p orbitals
number of p orbital shapes three (x, y, z)
number of d orbitals five
maximum number of electrons in an orbital two
states that two electrons in the same orbital must have opposite spin Pauli Exclusion Principle
the charge on an atom if it gains electrons negative
the charge on an atom if it loses electrons positve
an atom that gains or loses electrons ion
uses a chemical symbol with dots to represent the number of valence electrons Lewis structure
the electrons in the outer most energy level valence electrons
states that an atom gains, loses, or shares electrons until it has eight valence electrons Octet Rule
states that electrons fill the lowest energy orbitals first aufbau prinicple
states that when electrons occupy orbitals of equal energy they do not pair up until they are forced to. They will have the same direction of spin. Hund's Rule
Created by: longscience