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Acid Base

Chapter 12/13 of chemistry live

Concentration of a solution the amount of solute that is dissolved in a given volume of solution
Weight per weight there is 'X'g of a product in solution measure by % ... solid:solid
Weight per volume there is 'X'g amount of a product in a solution measure by % ... solid:liquid
Volume per volume there is 'X'ml of a product in a solution measure by % ... liquid:liquid
Parts per Million Equal to 1 mg/litre ... used mainly in water
Molarity the concentration of a solution.. every elements molarity is different
Number of Moles VolumeXmolarity 1000
Primary standard A solid substance that can be weighed out and added to water to accurately know the concentration.
Titration A laboratory procedure where a measure volume of a solution is added to a known volume of another until the reaction is complete.
Standardisation reacting 2 chemicals together to establish the concentration of 1
Arrhenius' DEF. of acid A substance that dissociates in water to produce H+ ions
Arrhenius' DEF. of base a substance that dissociates in water to produce OH- ions
Bronsted-Lowry DEF. of acid A proton donor
Bronsted-Lowry DEF. of base A proton acceptor
Acid changes to... Conjugate base when it donates a proton
Base changes to... Conjugate acid whis it accepts proton
Neutalisation Acid + Base = Water + Salt
Created by: MarkA0845