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Ch.2 MolecularPrefix

The Prefixes associated with Molecular Compounds

QuestionAnswer
What is the suffix added to the last element in a simple molecular compounds? -ide ... Example: Chlorine becomes Chloride.
How do we know that it is a Molecular Compound? It does not have a Polyatomic Ion, it does not contain a metal or transitional metal. It WILL have only nonmetals and/or metaloids.
When the last element is Oxygen, we drop the last vowel of the prefix with the exception of which two prefixes? Di- and Tri- ... ***example: Carbon Dioxide (the 'i' in 'di' is kept) and Carbon Monoxide (the 'o' in 'mono' is dropped.)
Number 1 - What is the prefix? Mono-
Number 2 - What is the prefix? Di-
Is Bi- the prefix associated with the number 2? No. Bi- is the prefix associated with the addition of Hydrogen to a compound. Example: Sulfate(SO4)-2 and Bisulfate(HSO4)-1
Is Di- the prefix associated with the number 2? Yes.
Number 3 - What is the prefix? Tri-
Number 4 - What is the prefix? Tetra-
Number 5 - What is the prefix? Penta-
Number 6 - What is the prefix? Hexa-
Number 7 - What is the prefix? Hepta-
Number 8 - What is the prefix? Octa-
Number 9 - What is the prefix? Nona-
Number 10 - What is the prefix? Deca-
Created by: BerScott
 

 



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