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SHMS 6th Math Vocab2

SHMS 6th Grade Math Vocab 2

Algebraic expression A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and sometimes numbers and operation symbols.
Associative Property The sum or product of a set of numbers is the same no matter how the numbers are grouped.
Coefficient A number multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression.
Commutative Property The sum or product of a group of numbers is the same regardless of the order in which the numbers are arranged.
Cubed A number to the third power
Equation A mathematical sentence that contains an equal sign
Exponent The number of times a number or expression (called base) is used as a factor of repeated multiplication. Also called the power.
Inequality A mathematical sentence that contains the symbols >, <, ≥, or ≤.
Inverse Operation Opposite operations that undo each other. Example: subtraction is the opposite of addition.
Like Terms Terms in an algebraic expression that have the same variable raised to the same power. Only the coefficients of like terms are different.
Order of Operations The rules that tell which operation to perform first when more than one operation is used (PEMDAS)
Term A number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables.
Squared A number to the second power
Variable A letter or symbol used to represent a number or quantities that vary
Constant A quantity that does not change its value.
Constant of Proportionality The constant value of the ratio of two proportional quantities x and y; usually written y = kx, where k is the value of the ratio between y and x.
Dependent Variable A variable, y, that depends on other factors.
Independent Variable A variable, x, that stands alone and is not changed by other variables.
Solution The set of all values which, when substituted for unknowns, make an equation or inequality true.
Substitution The process of replacing a variable in an expression with its actual value.
Created by: hbogue