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Chem 3B

Chapter 3B Applied Chemistry

What are fossil fuels? Petroleum, natural gas, and coal
Is petroleum a renewable or nonrenewable resource? nonrenewable
What is potential energy? Energy of position
What is an example of potential energy? Water behind a dam (something that isn't doing anything at the moment but could in the future)
What is kinetic energy? Energy related to motion
What is an example of kinetic energy? Writing on a paper
What is chemical energy? Energy stored within bonds in chemical compounds
What is an example of chemical energy? Fuel burning
What happens during chemical energy? Bonds break and reactant atoms reorganize to form new bonds.
What is thermal energy? Heat
What is an example of thermal energy? The heat that comes off of a stove when the flame is lit
What does endothermic mean? A reaction requiring the absorption of heat
What does exothermic mean? The formation of chemical bonds in an energy-releasing process
Because energy is given off, ______ appears as a _______ exothermic, product
Because energy is aborbed, _______ appears as a _______ endothermic, reactant
What is the law of conservation of energy? Energy cannot be created or destroyed, just transfered from one type of form to another.
Created by: rennocgem