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Sentence Types

Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences

TermDefinition
Compound Verb A subject doing two or more actions: Jack and Jill went up the hill and fetched a pail of water.
Compound Subject A subject with two or people or things,
Independent Clause A clause that can stand on its own: I like ice cream.
Relative Clause A dependent clause that beings with a relative pronoun: that, which who, whomever etc.
Subordinate Clause A dependent clause that beings with subordinating conjunction: although, if, since, ect.
Clause A group of words that contains its own subject and verb. Sometimes a clause can stand on its own: I like ice cream. Sometimes it can't: If I like ice cream.
Appositive Phrase A noun phrase that renames a noun Te soldier, an ex-marine...
ABBISAWAWUWU as, because,before, if, since, after, while, although, when until, where, unless
Dependent Clause Can't stand on its: Since I like ice cream...
Simple sentence Contains one independent clause
Fanboys For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Phrase Group of words that doesn't contain its won subject and verb: down the street, eating ice cream, after dark.
Complex Sentence One independence clause plus one or more dependent clause (relative or subordinate)
Prepositional Phrase Starts with a preposition: over the river, through the woods, to grandmother's house.
Participle Phrase Stars with an ing word: Walking down the hall, I notice a line at the bubbler.
Predicate Starts with what the subject is doing (verb). Sometimes obvious like with an action verb: "Swim, dance" but not always, such as with the verbs "is" or "has"
Compound-Complex Sentence Two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause
Compound Sentence Two independent clauses joined by a fanboy or semicolon.
Subject What or who the sentence is mainly about. Usually in the beginning of the sentence to the left of the verb.
Comma Splice When the sentence uses a comma incorrectly and instead needs a period or a semicolon.
Created by: idunne1212