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Chemistry Final #5

Chemistry Final #5 Vhapter 15

TermDefinition
Hydrogenation Double bonds turn into single bonds when H is added
Hydrogenation Unsaturated fat (double bonds) + hydrogen --> saturated fat (single bonds)
Hydrolysis Triacylglycerols are hydrolyzed in the presence of strong acids and splits the ester bonds
Hydrolysis Triaacylglycerol (fat) + 3 water --> 3 fatty acids + glycerol
Increase of carbons Higher melting points
Saturated Fatty Acids Solid at room temperature
Unsaturated Fatty Acids Liquid at room temperature
Unsaturated Fatty Acids Lower melting points
Saturated Fatty Acids Higher melting points
Saturated Fatty Acids Alkanes
Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Alkenes
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Have at least 2 double bonds
Cephalin When an alcohol group is derived from ethanolamine (HO-CH2-CH2-NH3+)
Lecithin When an alcohol group is derived from choline (HO-CH2-CH2-N+(CH3)3)
Very low-density lipoprotein VLDL Less amount of triglycerides
Low-density lipoprotein LDL Bad Cholesterol
High-density lipoprotein Good Cholesterol
Created by: VictoriaYang