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CRChem2Chap21Vocab

CRChemistry2Chapter21Vocabuarly

QuestionAnswer
atom or group of atoms that is responsible for the specific properties of an organic compound functional group
organic compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl group alcohols
organic compounds in which one or more halogen atoms (F, Cl, Br, or I) are substituted for one or more hydrogens in a hydrocarbon alkyl halides
organic compounds in which 2 hydrocarbon groups are bonded to the same oxygen atom ethers
organic compounds in which the carbonyl group is attached to a carbon atom at the end of a carbon-atom chain aldehydes
organic compounds in which the carbonyl group is attached to carbon atoms within the chain ketones
contain the carboxyl functional group that comes at the end of the carbon chain carboxylic acid
organic compounds with carboxylic acid groups in which the hydrogen of the hydroxyl group has been replaced with an alkyl group esters
organic compounds that can be considered to be derivatives of ammonia, NH3 amines
one hydrogen atom in ammonia replaced by an alkyl group primary amine
two hydrogen atoms in ammonia replaced by an alkyl group secondary amine
three hydrogen atoms in ammonia replaced by an alkyl group tertiary amine
one or more atoms replace another atom or group of atoms in a molecule substitution reaction
an atom or molecule is added to an unsaturated molecule and increase the saturation of the molecule addition reaction
two or more molecules or parts of the same molecule combine condensation reaction
a simple molecule, such as water or ammonia, is removed from adjacent carbon atoms of a larger molecule elimination reaction
large molecules made of many small units joined to each other through organic reactions polymers
small units that make up polymers monomers
a polymer made from 2 or more different monomers copolymer
melts when heated and can be reshaped many times thermoplastic polymer
does not melt when heated but keeps its original shape thermosetting polymer
formed by chain addition reactions between monomers that contain a double bond addition polymers
polymers formed by condensation rxns condensation polymer
cross-linking process between adjacent polyisoprene molecules that occurs when the molecules are heated with sulfur atoms vulcanization
Created by: CRMissK