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SPI320: Med Terms 15

Interpreter Prep: Bilingual Medical Terminology - Nervous System

Central Nervous System Sistema nervioso central
Peripheral Nervous System Sistema nervioso periférico
cerebrum, brain cerebro
lobes lóbulos
perietal lobe lóbulo perietal
frontal lobe lóbulo frontal
occipital lobe lóbulo occipital
temporal lobe lóbulo temporal
cerebellum cerebelo
spinal cord médula espinal
meninges meninges
vertebra(e) vértebra(s)
neuron neurona
axon axón
dendrite dendrita
ganglion ganglio
shakes/tremors temblores
seizures convulsiones/ataques
spinal fluid líquido encefalorraquídeo
synapse sínapsis
headache dolor de cabeza
aphasia afasia
vertigo vértigo
dizziness, lightheadedness mareo
migraine migraña, jaqueca
meningitis meningitis
hemiplegia hemiplejia
paraplegia paraplejia
quadriplegia cuadriplejia
Multiple Sclerosis esclerosis múltiple
brain injury lesión cerebral, lesión del cerebro
spinal compression compresión espinal
herniated disc disco herniado
neuropathy neuropatía
Bell's palsy parálisis de Bell
epilepsy epilepsia
stroke (CVA) ataque cerebrovascular, ataque vascular cerebral (CVA), derrame cerebral
ischemic stroke derrame cerebral isquémico, ataque cerebrovascular isquémico
hemorrhagic stroke derrame cerebral hemorrágico, ataque cerebrovascular hemorrágico
transient ischemic attack (TIA) ataque isquémico transitorio (TIA)
head trauma traumatismo cerebral
cranium/skull fracture fractura del cráneo
concussion conmoción
Parkinson's Disease Enfermedad de Parkinson
Dementia demencia
brain cancer cáncer del cerebro
brain tumor tumor del cerebro
Alzheimer's Disease Enfermedad de Alzheimer
shingles herpes zoster
five senses cinco sentidos
smell olfato
taste gusto
touch tacto
sight vista
sound oído, audición
clinical exam examen clínico
physical exam examen físico
neurological exam examen neurológico
orientation orientación
memory memoría
nerve function test prueba de la función de los nervios
electroencephalogram (EEG) electroencefalograma
computerized tomography (CT) tomografía computarizada (TC)
positron emission tomography (PET) tomografía por emisión de positrones (TEP)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imágenes por resonancia magnética (IRM)
Gamma knife cuchillo gamma
angiography angiografía
surgery cirugía
lumbar puncture punción lumbar
rehabilitation rehabilitación
physical therapy (PT) fisioterapia, terapia física
physical therapist fisicoterapéuta, terapéuta físico
occupational therapy (OT) terapia ocupacional
speech therapy terapia del habla
speech/language pathologist patólogo del habla y lenguaje
anticonvulsant anticonvulsivo; anticonvulsivante
analgesics analgésicos
anticoagulant (blood thinner) anticoagulante (antiplaquetario, "adelgazador de sangre")
antibiotics antibióticos
brain stem tronco encefálico
reflex reflejo
confusion confusión
difficulty speaking dificultad para hablar
weakness debilidad
fatigue fatiga
loss of balance pérdida del equilibrio
blurry vision visión borrosa
lethargy letargo
tingling hormigueo
numbness entumecimiento, adormecimiento
electromyogram (EMG) electromiograma
nerve conduction velocity (NCV) velocidad de conducción nerviosa (VCN)
spinal tap punción lumbar
Created by: Flamboe