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ionic bonding, covalent bonding

metals have ionic bonds with non-metals
ionic bonds when a metal gives its electrons to a non-metal to complete the octet rule, cation plus anion
ionic compounds salts
naming ionic bonds name of metal plus name of non-metal with an -ide ending, polyatomic ions, transition metals with roman numerals
polyatomic ions many atom ions, molecules with a charge
ionic properties crystal latice, high melting point, dissolves in water, conduct electricity, electrolytes
covalent bonds molecules, share electrons to obtain full octet, long chains, organic molecules
naming covalent bonds mono, di, tri, tetra are used for two non metals bonded together
organic molecules carbon based, -ane, -ene ,-eyn
covalent properties polar or non-polar, do not dissolve, do not conduct electricity, combust
polar molecules positive and negative sides can visibly be separated with a strait line, have a lower melting point than salts
non-polar molecules positive and negative sides cannot visibly be separated with a strait line, are usually gasses
electrolytes an ion in solution, when an ionic compound is dissolved, or disassociates in water, conducts electricity
nitrate (NO*3)-
sulfate (SO*4)-2
phosphate (PO*4)-3
hybridized orbitals easy to brake down
polar polar bonds, geometry/shape/line test
Created by: nsteiner23