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Foundations of Reading

Morpheme smallest meaning in a word (cat would be the morpheme for "Cats")
bound morpheme must attach to another morpheme in order to carry meaning
free morpheme can stand alone
Root word come from or are derived from another language and will not stand alone in English, they are BOUND morphemes "contain" "detain" "retain"
Base word English words that will stand alone "girl" "girls" "Comfort" "uncomfortable"
Phonological awareness identifying and manipulating units of oral language – parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes
Phonemic awareness understanding that spoken words and words are made up of INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS.
active phonemic awareness ability to pick up sound and manipulate them into spoken language
graphemes sounds in spoken language and words are represented by symbols or letters i.e. my primary reading and spoken language is English. However, I am able to identify that written hieroglyphics have SOUND meaning
Alphabetic Knowledge knowledge of letter names and sounds
implicit strategies the way authors organize text without letting the readers know how the text has been organize.
explicit strategies a directly stated idea within a text. (may include a gist statement to help the reader understand the reading on a greater level.)
Order of Spoken Language to Reading spoken words syllables within words onset & rime orally blending (body and coda chunks) individual sounds manipulation of individual sounds
Coda Word Chunks include all the sounds that follow a vowel sound in a syllable
body word chunks include onset plus the vowel sound in a syllable
Onset consonant or consonants that come just before a vowel
Rime vowel found at the beginning of a syllable and that go along with it.
consonant digraphs two consonants together in a word producing only one speech sound (th, sh, ng) or known as consonant digraph.
initial consonant blends (clusters) two or more consonants coming together in which the speech sound of all the consonants may be heard. (bl, fr, sk, spl)
CV generalization when a consonant is followed by a vowel, the vowel usually produces a long sound. (i.e. "be, go, so")
R-Controlled Vowels Vowels that appear before the letter R are usually neither long nor short but tend to be over powered (or swallowed up) by the /r/ sound. I.e. "person", "player", "neighbor"
Schwa a vowel letter that produces the "uh" sound (A in America) is known as schwa.
dipthongs consists of two vowels together in a word that produce a single glided sound (oi in oil, oy in boy)
Created by: kwojtasinski



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