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Chapter 6 vocab

BAC Chapter 6 - Minerals and Nutrients vocabulary

B vitamins There are many different ____ , including thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and cobalanim. They work together to help your body use the energy you get from food. Some also help the body use protein from the diet to build new cells and tissues.
cholesterol ____ is needed by our bodies for our cells, nerves and brain. It is also important in forming hormones and enzymes. We make all of it we need in our livers.
iron ____ is a mineral that is an important part of our red blood cells. It is needed to carry oxygen from our lungs to our cells, muscles and organs. Without enough oxygen, our muscles and organs cannot work properly and we will feel tired and weak.
calcium ____ is a mineral that is important for building strong bones and teeth. Almost all of it we use in our bodies is for building strong bones. If, over the years, we do not get enough of this, our bones become very weak and brittle.
protein Most all the parts of our bodies are made from ____; hair, skin, blood, organs and muscles. It is needed for cells to grow. It also repairs healthy cells and tissues. It is made of chains of amino acids.
carbohydrates ____ are the body’s main source of energy. There are three different kinds and include starch, sugar and fiber. They give us the energy we need to do daily activities.
vitamin A ____ keeps your skin smooth and the linings of your mouth, nose, throat, lungs, and intestines healthy. It is also needed for healthy eyes. It forms the part of the eye that helps you to see in dim light.
sodium ____ is important for keeping a balance in pressure between the inside and outside of the cells. Too much of it can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure may increase the risk for having a heart attack or stroke.
vitamin C ____ helps form a cement-like material between the cells. It is needed to heal cut, wounds, and burns. It is found in many fresh fruits like oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit cantaloupes, mangoes and papayas.
fat ____ is an important source of calories. One gram of this supplies 9 calories. Some of it that we eat comes from what we add in cooking or spread on breads, vegetables or other foods. A lot is hidden in foods like snacks, pastries or prepared meals.
Created by: cawhite