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simpson vocab

chapter 2 vocabulary .

carbohydrates organic compounds made of carbon , hydrogens and oxygen atoms
monosaccharides building blocks of carbohydrates ; single sugar
lipids non polar molecules that are not soluble or mostly insoluble in water
protein large molecules formed by linked smaller molecules called amino acids
amino acids building block of protein
nucleic acid long chain of smaller molecules called nucleotides
nucleotide has 3 parts a sugar base and a phosphate group
DNA the information that determines inherited characteristics
RNA a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and that plays a role in protein synthesis
ATP a single nucleotide with two extra energy storing phosphate groups
energy the ability to move or change matter
activation energy energy needed to start a chemical reaction
enzymes substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions
substrate when enzyme acts during a chemical reaction
active sites large protein with on or move deep folds on its surface
Created by: Tiniqua