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General Chemistry

hydrochloric acid (strong acid) HCl
hydrobromic acid (strong acid) HBr
hrdroiodic acid (strong acid) HI
sulfuric acid (strong acid) H_2_SO_4_
nitric acid (strong acid) HNO_3_
perchloric acid (strong acid) HClO_4_
chloric acid (strong acid) HClO_3_
Weak acids Not strong acids
Hydroxides(OH) of groups one and two strong bases
Ammonia(NH_3_) and its derivatives Weak bases
All salts are ______ electrolytes All _____ are strong electrolytes
Solution homogeneous mixture
solvent greater amount
solute lesser amount
non electrolyte no ions formed in the solution
electroloyte ions are formed in the solution
Acids increase the concentration of ___ ____ have more H+
Bases increase the concentration of ___ ___ have more OH-
molarity moles per liter
Exothermic Reaction heat realeased
Endothermic reaction heat absorbed
delta E is the change in internal energy
delta E = q + w heat work
specific heat J/Kg quantity of heat required to raise the T of one g of the substance by one degree K
Kelvin degree C + 273
hydronium H_3_O charge: 1+
ammonium NH_4_ charge: 1+
hydroxide OH charge: 1-
peroxide O_2_ charge: 2-
superoxide O_2_ charge: 1-
triiodide I_3_ charge: 1-
cyanide CN charge: 1-
thiocyanate SCN charge: 1-
nitrite NO_2_ charge: 1-
nitrate NO_3_ charge: -1
sulfite SO_3_ charge: -2
bisulfite (hydrogen sulfite) HSO_3_ charge: -1
carbonate CO_3_ charge: -2
bicarbonate (hydrogen carbonate) HCO_3_ charge: -1
phosphate PO_4_ charge: -3
hydrogen phosphate HPO_4_ charge: -2
dihydrogen phosphate H_2_PO_4_ charge: -1
hypochlorite CLO charge: -1
chlorite CLO_2_ charge: -1
chlorate CLO_3_ charge: -1
perchlorate CLO_4_ charge: -1
acetate CH_3_CO_2_ charge: -1
permanganate MnO_4_ charge: -2
chromate CrO_4_ charge: -2
dichromate Cr_2_O_7_ charge: -2
cation positive ion
anion negative ion
Created by: slonczt