Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Famous Germans/Austr

Famous Germans/Austrians, Swiss

QuestionAnswer
Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) First chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany
Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) Discoverer of the brain disease named for him - Web > German Alzheimer bio
Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) Daughter of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph who married the French king Louis XVI - Web > M. Antoinette Bio (in English)
Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker) Defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Teutoburger Forest Web > Arminius bio (Wikipedia)
Fred Astaire (1899-1988) The famous dancer's real name was Frederick Austerlitz; his father was born in Linz, Austria. Web > Astaire - German-Hollywood Connection
Nadja Auermann (1970- ) German fashion model
Melissa Auf der Maur (1972- ) Canadian-born rock singer whose family comes from Switzerland. Web > Auf Der Maur - laut.de (Deutsch) and Auf Der Maur (English)
Andreas Baader (1943-1977) was a key member of the infamous Baader-Meinhof gang, a German terrorist group (Red Army Faction, RAF) in the 1970s. Web > Baader-Meinhof | Baader Biographie - DHM
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) German composer - Web > Bach's life (with map)
Karl Baedeker (1801-1859) invented the first travel guides and created the field of travel writing. Web > German Baedeker bio | Baedeker Verlagsgeschichte (German)
Boris Becker (1967- ) German tennis star, first German and youngest ever to win at Wimbleton (1985) - Web > German Becker bio (Rasscass)
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) German composer - Beethoven bio (in English)
Peter Behrens (1868-1940) German architect - Web > German Behrens bio (DHM)
Karl Benz (1844-1929) and Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900) Inventors of the first motor car (1885), although the two never met!
Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) German political figure (Prussia), first chancellor of the German Reich (1871) - Web > Bismarck bio (German Wikipedia)
Heinrich Böll (1917-1985) German author, Nobel Prize winner (1972) - Web > Heinrich Böll Foundation (Ger., Engl., Span.)
Robert Bosch (1861-1942) German scientist, inventor
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) German composer - Web > Brahms bio (Johannesbrahms.org)
Willy Brandt (Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm, 1913-1992) German chancellor and mayor of Berlin - Web > Brandt bio (Brandt-Stiftung) - Willy Brandt (Wikipedia)
Wernher von Braun (1912-1977) German rocket scientist who helped put Americans on the moon
Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) German author, dramatist, best known for his "Dreigroschenoper" ("Threepenny Opera") co-authored with composer Kurt Weill - German bio (DHM)
Alfred Edmund Brehm (1829-1884) was a German zoologist, explorer, and author whose Thierleben lexicon (1864-69) and animal stories for children helped popularize a more sympathetic understanding of animals and their environment. Web > German bio (MDR)
Elias Canetti (1905-1994) Jewish writer often claimed by the Austrians. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1981. Born in Bulgaria, Canetti was educated in Vienna, wrote in German, but was a British subject when he died in Switzerland. - Web > Canetti (Nobelprize.
Charlemagne (Karl der Große, 742-814) The first European unifier - Web > Charlemagne | Karl der Große (German Wikipedia)
Adolf (Adi) Dassler (1900-1959)founder of Adidas shoe company
Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913) German engineer and inventor of the diesel engine
Otto Dix (1891-1969) German expressionist painter and graphic artist
Ruth Dreifuss (1940- ) Swiss political figure, first woman president of Switzerland
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) German artist
Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921-1990) Swiss writer of crime stories, dramas, and other German literature (Der Besuch der alten Dame)
Rudi Dutschke (1940-1979) Sociologist, former student rebellion leader in the late 1960s (APO and SDS)
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) German scientist and theoretician
Elisabeth (1837-1898), better known as Sisi. Austrian royalty
Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977) German economist, first German chancellor after Adenauer, from 1963 to 1966
Erik H. Erikson (Homburger, 1902-1994) German-American psychoanalyst and university professor who coined the term "identity crisis"
Max Ernst (1891-1976) Dadaist/surrealist painter, sculptor, and graphic artist born in Brühl, Germany, now home to a new Max Ernst Museum - Web > Ernst bio (Guggenheim) | Artchive - Max Ernst | Max Ernst paintings (CSU Hayward)
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) German physicist who developed an improved mercury-in-glass thermometer and invented the temperature scale that bears his name (and is now used only in the USA!) - Web > Fahrenheit - Wikipedia | D.G. Fahrenheit - BBC
Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956) German artist
Joseph (Joschka) Fischer (1948- ) German politician, foreign minister under chancellor Gerhard Schröder (1998 to present)
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Austrian inventor of psychoanalysis (with photos)
Friedrich der Große (Frederick the Great, 1712-1786) King of Prussia from 1740 to 1786.
Anton Fugger (1493-1560) Member of an important German banking family
Hans Geiger (1882-1945) German physicist, inventor of the Geiger counter (Geiger-Müller-Zählrohr)
H.R. Giger (1940- ) Swiss-German artist who designed the Alien creature - WEB > Giger - German-Hollywood Connection
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) German poet, writer; the German "Shakespeare"
Stefanie (Steffi) Maria Graf (1969- ) German tennis star (Grandslam winner 1988) now married to Andre Agassi
Günter Grass (1927- ) German writer, Nobel Prize winner
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (1785-1863/1786-1859) German authors and linguistic researchers - WEB > Grimm Brothers
Read some Grimm Fairy Tales (blank)
Walter Gropius (1883-1969) German-American architect
Johannes Gensfleisch zum Gutenberg (ca. 1397-1468) Inventor of movable type and modern printing
Peter Handke (1942- ) Austrian novelist and playwright
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Austrian composer
Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-1976) German physicist, co-founder of quantum mechanics
Hermann der Cherusker (Arminius in Latin, ca. 18B.C.-19A.D.) Germanic warrior who defeated the Romans at the Battle of the Teutoburger Forest
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (1857-1894) German physicist who did research into radio waves and frequency (see Erfinder/Inventors)
Roman Herzog (1934- ) President of Germany from 1994 to 1999
Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) German writer (Siddharta, Der Steppenwolf), poet, and artist
Paul von Hindenburg (1847-1934) German army officer and politician who was the chancellor who gave in to the Nazi takeover in 1933
Martina Hingis (1980- ) Swiss tennis player
Andreas Hofer (1776-1822) Austrian patriot (Tyrol)
E.T.A. Hoffmann (1776-1822) Writer, painter, composer
Erich Honecker (1912-1994) Leader of East Germany when the Wall fell
Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) German researcher, botanist, and explorer who traveled in the Americas
Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835) German academic and statesman, founder of the Humboldt University in Berlin, brother of Alexander (above)
Friedensreich Hundertwasser (Friedrich Stowasser, 1928-2000) Austrian artist and architect >
Helmut Jahn (1940- ) German-American architect with offices in Chicago
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychoanalyst
Franz Kafka (1883-1924) Austrian writer born in Prague
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) German philosopher
Karl der Große (Charlemagne, 747-814) The first unifier of Europe, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (800-814)
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) German astronomer and mathematician who calculated the planetary orbits
Henry A. Kissinger (1923- ) German-American politician, Secretary of State under Nixon
Paul Klee (1879-1940) Swiss artist
Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) Austrian artist
Robert Koch (1843-1910) German medical researcher, inventor of TB vaccine, Nobel Prize 1905
Helmut Kohl (1930- ) Former German Kanzler (1982-1998)
Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980) Austrian artist
Karl Lagerfeld (1938- ) German fashion designer
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) German philosopher and mathematician
Otto Lilienthal (1848-1896) German aviator and glider pilot whose pioneering work inspired the Wright Brothers
"Mad" Ludwig II (King of Bavaria, 1864-1886) > Web Link
Martin Luther (1483-1546) German religious reformer
Ernst Mach (1838-1916) Austrian physicist
Heinrich Mann (1871-1950) German writer
Thomas Mann (1875-1955) German writer, Nobel Prizze
Maria Theresia (1717-1780) Habsburg Austrian empress (1745-80) who had 16 children
Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) Daughter of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph who married the French king Louis XVI
Karl Marx (1818-1883) German philosopher and co-founder of the communist movement (Marxism)
Kurt Masur (1927- ) German musical director, Leipzig (1970-1996), New York (1991-2000)
Paul (1838-1914) and Wilhelm Mauser (1834-1882) German gun inventors, weapons manufacturers
Karl May (1842-1912) German author of westerns and other adventure stories
Lise Meitner (1878-1968) Austrian physicist who coined the term "nuclear fission" (Kernspaltung)
Phillip Melanchthon (Phillip Schwartzerd, 1497-1560) German religious reformer
H.L. Mencken (1880-1956) German-American writer, journalist
Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884) Austrian biologist and genetics researcher (Mendel's Laws)
Felix Mendelsohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847) German composer and musical director (Leipzig)
Ulf Merbold (1941- ) German physicist who flew on missions aboard the American Columbia (1983) and Discovery (1992) space shuttles as well as the Russian Mir space station (1994)
Gerhard Mercator (Kremer, 1512-1594) German cartographer, inventor of the Mercator projection for sea charts and maps
Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854-1899) German-american inventor of the Linotype typesetting system (1886)
Matthäus Merian (1593-1650) Swiss engraver who began publishing "Topographia" in Frankfurt in 1642, a 30-volume collection of European city view etchings
Angela Merkel (1954- ) German politician, chairperson of the CDU party since 2000, current German chancelor
Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) German inventor of magnetotherapy and source of the term "mesmerize"
Willy Messerschmidt (1898-1978) German aircraft designer
Rheinhold Messner (1944- ) Italian (South Tyrol) mountain climber, first to climb all 14 peaks above 8000 meters
Prince Metternich (Klemens Wenzel Lothar Fürst von M., 1773-1859) Austrian chancellor (1810-48), leading figure at the Congress of Vienna in 1815
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) German architect considered one of the most influential in modern history; went to the U.S. in 1937
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Austrian composer
Robert Musil (1880-1942) Austrian writer
Anne-Sophie Mutter (1963- ) Internationally recognized German violinist
Thomas Nast (1840-1902) German-American journalist, political cartoonist; see The 'Nasty' Myth
Richard Josef Neutra (1892-1970) Austrian-American architect
Helmut Newton (Neustädter, 1920-2004) Internationally recognized German fashion and glamour photographer; born in Berlin as Helmut Neustädter, died in an auto accident in Los Angeles on January 24, 2004
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) German writer and philosopher
Georg Simon Ohm (1789-1854) German physicist (Ohm's Law, 1826)
Carl Orff (1895-1982) German composer ("Carmina Burana")
Otto Many Germanic princes, kings, and emperors have borne this name, from Otto I (der Große, 912-973) to Otto I (Bavaria, 1848-1916)
Nikolaus August Otto (1832-1891) German engineer, inventor of the four-stroke internal combustion (Otto) engine (1862), which was used for the first motor cars invented by Benz and Daimler.
Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706) German composer and organist
Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958) Austrian physicist, one of the developers of the quantum theory, discoverer of the Pauli principle for electrons in an atom
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) Swiss educational reformer
Wolfgang Petersen (1941- ) German film director (Das Boot, In the Line of Fire, Air Force One, The Perfect Storm) WEB > Petersen
Phillip Many Germanic counts, dukes and kings have borne this name, from Phillip von Schwaben (1178-1208) to Phillip I (der Großmütige, 1504-1567)
Max Planck (1858-1947) German physicist, quantum theory, Nobel prize 1918
Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger, 1927- ) German cardinal who became pope on April 19, 2005.
Louis Prang (1824-1909) German-American printer born in Breslau, Silesia (then in Prussia, now Wroclaw, Poland) to a French Huguenot father and a German mother. Considered the "father of the American Christmas card," Prang founded a printing company (L. Prang Co.) in
Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911) Austrian-American journalist and newspaper publisher
Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886) German historian who developed the basic tenets of modern, scientific historical research
Joseph Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI, 1927- ) German cardinal who became pope on April 19, 2005.
Johannes Rau (1931- ) German politician (SPD), president of Germany since 1999
Marcel Reich-Ranicki (ra-nitz-key, 1920- ) German writer and influential literary critic
Philipp Reis (1838-1874) German inventor of a telephone prototype (1861)
Erich Maria Remarque (Remark) (1898-1970) German writer (All Quiet on the Western Front)
Paul Julius Baron von Reuter (Israel Beer Josaphat, 1816-1899) German-British publisher, founder of the first worldwide news agency (Reuters)
Rainer Maria Rilke (René Karl Wilhelm Johann Joseph Maria Rilke, 1875-1926) Austrian poet who lived in Switzerland after 1919
John (Johann) August Roebling ( 1806-1869) German-American engineer, designer/builder of the Brooklyn Bridge
Erwin Rommel (Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel, 1891-1944) German general known as the "Desert Fox"
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) German physicist who discovered x-rays and whose name means "x-ray" in German, Nobel Prize 1901
Mayer Anselm Rothschild (Meyer Amschel R., 1743-1812) German-Jewish banker, founder of the Rothschild banking house in Frankfurt am Main
Heinz Rühmann (1902-1994) German film and stage actor ("Ship of Fools")
Ernst Ruska (1906-1988) German scientist and engineer who co-invented the electron microscope, Nobel Prize for physics in 1986
Egon Schiele (1890-1918) Austrian artist
Claudia Schiffer (1971- ) Fashion model
Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) German poet and writer
Max Schmeling (1905-2005) German boxer who fought the American Joe Louis twice.
Helmut Schmidt (1918- ) German politician and publisher (Die Zeit) who was chancellor of Germany from 1974 to 1982
Romy Schneider (1938-1982) Austrian actress (The Cardinal, Good Neighbor Sam)
Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1869) German philosopher
Gerhard Schröder (1944- ) Elected German chancellor (SPD) in September 1998
Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Austrian composer of nine symphonies and over 600 "Lieder"
Carl Schurz (1829-1906) German-American politician, U.S. Secretary of the Interior (1877-81)
Karl von Schuschnigg (1897-1977) Austrian politician who resisted the Nazi takeover of his country in 1938 and was imprisoned by the Nazis during the war; later a professor in the U.S. (1948-67) > Web Link (DHM)
Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947- ) Austrian-American movie superstar and politician
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) German physician and theologian who set up and ran a hospital in Africa (1913), also known for his organ music; Nobel Peace Prize in 1952
Aloys Senefelder (Aloys Johann Nepomuk Franz Senefelder, 1771-1834) Failed Bavarian actor who invented the lithographic printing technique in 1797. Senefelder was born to a Bavarian father (an actor) in Prague; he died in Munich.
Heidi Simonis (1943- ) First woman governor of a German Bundesland (Schleswig-Holstein)
Elke Sommer (Elke Schletz, 1940- ) German actress (The Victors, A Shot in the Dark, Zeppelin) - WEB > Elke Sommer - German-Hollywood
Alexander Spoerl (1917-1978) German writer
Claus Spreckels (1828-1908) German "sugar baron" in California and Hawaii
Friedrich St. Florian (1933- ) Austrian-born architect who designed the National World War II Memorial in Washington, DC; his firm's design was selected from 400 entries. WEB > St. Florian.com
Charles Proteus Steinmetz (1865-1923) German physicist who did important work on alternating current and lightning
Franz Josef Strauß (1915-1988) German politician (CSU) who was the governor of Bavaria (1978-88) and an unsuccessful candidate for Bundeskanzler (1980); involved in the "Spiegel affair" scandal of 1962, forcing his resignation as foreign minister
Johann Strauß (father, 1804-1849) Austrian composer and director of Vienna's "Hofball"
Johann Strauß (son, 1825-1899) Austrian composer and director of Vienna's "Hofball," known as the "Waltz King" ("The Blue Danube," "The Emperor Waltz"); also composed marches, polkas, and operettas ("Die Fledermaus")
Richard Strauss (1864-1949) German composer ("Rosenkavalier") and orchestra director (Munich, Weimar, Berlin), director of the Vienna State Opera (1919-24)
Rita Süßmuth (1937- ) First woman president of the German Bundestag (legislature), 1988-1998
Johann August Sutter (1803-1880) Swiss immigrant who founded Neu-Helvetien (Sutter's Mill) in 1839, now Sacramento, California
Bertha von Suttner (1814-1914) Austrian pacifist who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905
Edward Teller (1908- ) Physicist of Austro-Hungarian background who developed the hydrogen bomb
Gerhard Thiele (1953- ) German physicist who was on board the Endeavour misson for NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mapping Mission (SRTM) in February 2000
Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) German writer, satirist
Ludwig Uhland (1787-1862) German lawyer, politician, and poet from Tübingen
Walter Ulbricht (1893-1973) Head of East Germany when the Berlin Wall was built
Wernher von Braun (1912-1977) German rocket scientist who helped put Americans on the moon
Richard Wagner (1813-1883) German composer
Bruno Walter (B.W. Schlesinger, 1876-1962) German-American orchestra director
Walter von der Vogelweide (ca. 1170-1229) German "Minnesänger" and poet
Felix Wankel (1902-1988) German inventor of the rotary cylinder engine (Kreiskolbenmotor)
August Paul von Wassermann (1866-1925) German bacteriologist who did important work in the field of immunization
Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) German geophysicist who developed the theory of continental drift (Kontinentalverschiebung)
Richard von Weizsäcker (1920- ) German politician (CDU) who was the mayor of West Berlin (1981-84) and Bundespräsident from 1984 to 1994
Franz Werfel (1890-1945) Austrian novelist (The Song of Bernadette) and poet who had a brief Hollywood career during his California exile years
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) Austrian-British philosopher
Carl Zeiss (1816-1888) German founder of the Zeiss-Werke in Jena (1846), a manufacturer of optical and precision equipment
Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838-1917) German inventor of the rigid air ship in 1900
Konrad Zuse (1910-1995) German inventor of the first programmable digital computer (Z3)
Created by: ldecker