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Amino Acid

Amino Acids

QuestionAnswer
What is a peptide bond? carboxyl group of one AA attaches to amino group of another AA
Who forms hydrogen bonds: Non polar or polar? Polar
Most abundant amino acid in collagen? Glycine
Glycine is found in every ____ position in collagen 3rd
This amino acid helps form DNA & RNA Glycine
This amino acid is found in TREATMENTS for chronic fatigue Glycine
This AA helps metabolize glucose Alanine
High levels of this AA is found in mononucleosis & chronic fatigue Alanine
This AA causes sickle cell disease when it replaces glutamate Valine
Name the 3 branched AA's & what does their branching help with? Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine. The branching helps form muscle energy and mass
This AA helps with depression Methionine
This AA is used in arthritis patients Methionine
Methionine is the precursor for? SAMe
This AA has a secondary amino group Proline
This AA is found in collagen, but not the most abundant AA in collagen Proline
This AA interrupts the alpha helix in globular proteins Proline
This AA converts to tyrosine naturally Phenylalanine
This AA can delay development Phenylalanine
Lack of Phe can cause what disease? Genetic disease PKU
This AA is the largest molecule Tryptophan
Tryptophan is the precursor for? Seratonin
These AA serve as attachment sites for phosphate & oligosaccharide chains Serine & Threonine
Found in early children development due to muscle and tissue growth Asparagine
Found in pregnant women Asparagine
Assists in protein synthesis Glutamine
Feeds enterocytes of the gut Glutamine
This AA is a neurotransmitter Tyrosine
Tyrosine is a precursor for epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
This AA makes thyroid hormones Tyrosine
Which AA has a DISULFIDE BOND? Cysteine
DISULFIDE BOND stabilizes : Albumin, for osomosis
This drug is used to clear sinuses N-acetylcysteine
Aspartic Acid turns into _______ when proton gets ________ Aspartate, when proton gets donated
Aspartic Acid has what charge? +
Glutamic Acid turns into ______ when proton gets ________ Glutamate, when proton gets donated
Glutamic Acid has what charge? +
Histidine is a precursor for: Histamine
Arginine is a precursor for: Creatine
Arginine causes: vasodilation
Lysine is a precursor for: Carnitine
Lysine does what? Assist long chain fatty acids into the mitochondria
Histidine has what charge? -
Arginine has what charge? -
Lysine has what charge? -
Name the Charged Polar AA's: Aspartic Acid, Glutamic Acid, Histidine, Lysine, Arginine
Name the essential amino acids: P: phenylalanine, V: valine, T: threonine, T:tryptophan, I:isoleucine, M:methionine, H:histidine, A:arginine, L:lysine, L:leucine
Is glycine essential or non essential? non essential
Is tryptophan essential or non essential? essential
is glutamic acid essential or non essential? non essential
Is phenylalanine essential or non essential? essential
Is methionine essential or non essential? essential
Is asparagine essential or non essential? non essential
Is arginine essential or non essential? essential
Is cysteine essential or non essential? non essential
Is alanine essential or non essential? non essential
Is proline essential or non essential? non essential
is valine essential or non essential? essential
is threonine essential or non essential? essential
is leucine essential or non essential? essential
is isoleucine essential or non essential? essential
is glutamine essential or non essential? non essential
Created by: 1144171435