Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

IB States of Matter

Solid state fixed shape and volume; particles held together by intermolecular forces in a fixed position; particles can vibrate about a fixed point but do not have translational velocity
liquid state fixed volume; takes shape of container; particles held closely together by intermolecular forces; particles have translational velocity so diffusion can occur
gaseous state widely spaced particles that completely fill container; pressure of gas due to particles colliding with walls of container; intermolecular forces negligible; volume occupied by molecules negligible compared with total volume of gas; diffusion can occur
absolute temperature proportional to its average kinetic energy (.5 mass) x (velocity squared)
melting solid particles increase in temp as kinetic energy increases due to greater vibration of particles; when vibration is sufficient to overcome intermolecular forces holding the lattice together the solid melts. temp doesn't increase during melting
boiling liquid particles move faster than solid; some move faster than others and escape from surface of liquid to form a vapour; when pressure of the vapour is equal to pressure above liquid, the liquid boils. temp remains same during boiling
Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution shows the distribution of kinetic energies.
Why does a volatile liquid feel cold as it evaporates? When a liquid evaporates it is the faster moving particles that escape so the average kinetic energy of the remaining particles is lower.
Ideal gas equation PV=nRT; P=pressure; V=volume; n=number of moles; R=gas constant; T=temperature (K)
Real gases have some attractive forces between particles; particles occupy some space. Real gases behave like an ideal gas at high temp and low pressure.
Created by: redhousefarms