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NPN & PLASMA PROTEIN

QuestionAnswer
What are the NPN compounds? Urea, Creatinine, Uric Acid, Ammonia, Creatine, Amino Acids
What is urea the breakdown product of? Protein
What does BUN stand for? Blood Urea Nitrogen -- waste product down
What 2 things affect serum BUN? A. Protein in diet B. Urine Volume BUN = 7-20mg/dL
What causes increased BUN? A. Pre-renal 1. Dehydration B. Renal cause C. Post renal
What is azotemia? Increase of NPN's in blood Acidosis, water & electrolyte. Inbalance, coma and death.
What does creatine and phosphocreatine break down into? Creatinine - waste product
What are two tests to assess kidney function? Bun , creatinine
What is uric acid the break down product of ? Nucleic Acids
Which foods are high in purines? High protein foods. Meat
When is uric acid increased in the serum? Gout
Where is ammonia made? Made by bacteria in intestine
What are amino acids? Building blocks of Protein
What is the function of each of the following protein fractions? A. Albunin - Maintain normal blood volume B. Fibrinogen - necessary for clotting C. Gamma globulins - antibodies
What does TSP stand for? Total Serum Protein
What is a normal A/G ratio decreased? 1.0 - 2.5
What is electrophoresis? specific fractions
What is an important function of proteins? Transport of metals, hormones, lipids.
Created by: stefaneks