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Algebra Terms

math vocabulary

the distance between zero and the point representing a real number on the number line absolute value
a graph that represnets a collection of data by using a horizontal or vertical bars whose lengths allow the data to be compared bar graph
the number or variable that undergoes repeated multiplication base
a number multiplied by one or more variables, the number is the _____________of the term coefficient
formed by two real number lines that intersect at a right angle coordinate plane
an example used to show that a given statement is false counterexample
information, facts, or numbers used to describe something data
a number written with place values corresponding to powers of ten. Exa: 2.34 decimal form
the largest exponent of that variable degree of a polynomian in one variable
the distance between the points (x2, y1) and (y2, y1) distance formula
a statement formed by placing an equal sign between two expressions equation
equations that have the same solution(s) equivalent equations
when you substitute for a variable and solve the equation evaluate
the number of times the base is used as a factor. exponent
an algebraic equation that relates two or more variables formula
the input and the output (establishes a relationship between two quantities) function
symbols such as prentheses () and brrackets[] that indicate the order in which operations should be performed. grouping symbols
the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle hypotenuse
the if part of an if-then statement hypothesis
a statement formed by placing an inequality symbol, such as <, between two expressions. inequality
a value in the domain of a function input
the numbers....-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3.....(the scale marks on a # line) integers
the least common multiple of the denominators of two or more fractions least common denominator
terms that have the same variables with each variable of the same kind raised to the same power. like terms
a graph that uses line segments to connect data points line graph
the point on a segment that is equidistant from its endpoints midpoint of a segment
a number, a variable, or a product of a number and one or more variables with whole number exponents; a polynomial with only one term monomial
a number less than zero negative number
an expression that represents a particular number numerical expression
two numbers that are the same distance from zero on a number line but on opposite sides of zero opposites
the rules for evaluating an expression involving more than one operation order of operations
a pair of numbers used to identify a point in a coordinate plane. The firs tnumber is the x-coordinate and the second is the y-coordinate ordered pair
a value in the range of a function output
two different lines in the same plane that do not intersect. parallel lines
a ratio that compares a number to 100 percent
two lines in a plane are perpendicular if they intersect at a right, or 90degree angle. perpendicular lines
an equation of a nonvertical line in the form y-y1=m=x-x1) where the line passes through a given point (x1, y1) and the line has a slope of m. point-slope form
a monomial or a sum of monomials polynomial
a number greater than zero positive number
an equation stating that two ratios are equal proportion
a sq + b sq = c sq Pythagoreqan theorem
one of four regions into which the axes divide a coordinate plane quadrant
an equation that can be written in the standard form ax sq + bx + c = 0 quadratic formula
the quotient of two different quantities that are changing rate of change
a number that can be written as the quotient of two integers rational number
the set of numbers consisting of the positive numbers, the negative numbers, and zero real numbers
If a/b is a nonzero number, then its _______ is b/a reciprocal
a coordinate graph containing points that represent a set of ordered points scatter plot
the ratio of the vertical rise to the horizontal run between any two points on a line slope
linear equation: y = mx + b the slope of the line is m and the y intercept is b slope-intercept form
linear equation in the form of ax sq + bx + c =0 standard form fo a quadratic equation
a letter that represents some unknown number variable
a symbolic form made up of constants, variables, and operations variable expressions
the positive integers together with zero whole numbers
the horizontal axis in a coordinate plane x-axis
the first number in an ordered pair x-coordinate
the x-coordinate of a point where a graph crosses the x-axis x-intercept
the vertical axis in a coordinate plane y-axis
the second number in an ordered pair y-coordinate
the y-coordinate of a point where a graph crosses the y-axis y-intercept
Created by: tbrown1