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Introduction to ES

vena-pnhs-intro to I.S.H. vocab

QuestionAnswer
which is the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and definite volume. solid
which is the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape. liquid
which is the state of matter in which a matter in which a material has neither a definite shape or a definite volume. gas
what is the type of energy in which an object has energy due to its motion. kinetic energy
what is the result of a force distributed over an area. pressure
what is the temperature called that is -273.15 degrees Celsius. (Bose Einstein condensate) absolute zero
what law states that if the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature in kelvins if the pressure and the number of particles of the gas are constant. Charles law
what law states that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure of the temperature and the number of particles are constant. boyles law.
what is the reversible physical change that occurs when a substance changes from one state of matter to another. phase change
during what kind of change does the system absorb energy from its surroundings? endothermic
what is the amount of energy for water? (another term of melting) heat of fusion
during what kind of change does the system release energy to its surroundings? exothermic
what is the phase change in which a substance changes from a liquid into a gas? vaporization
what is the amount of energy of water that varies from substance to substance? heat of vaporization
what substance includes of 99% of space and only exists in very high tempaerutres. Plasma
what is a strong attractive force in which all particles of matter vibrate in a fixed porportion. solid behavior
what is a weaker attractive force in which all particles of matter flow to new locations and stay close together. liquid behavior
what does not change in a phase change temperature
what is endothermic and defines a solid into a gas (vapor) sublimation
what is exothermic and defines a gas into a solid deposition
what is endothermic and defines a liquid into a gas.( less orderly particles of matter) vaporization
what is exothermic and defines a gas into a liquid( more orderly particles of matter) condensation
Created by: andreannavena