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Ion Nomenclature

QuestionAnswer
Positive Ion is called? Cation
Negative Ion is called? Anion
If an ion is monoatomic it has how many atoms? 1 (mono=one)
Which groups and types of elements are NOT monoatomic ions? (3 answers) 1. Group 18 or Noble Gases 2. Transition Metals 3. Two rows on bottom "Rare Earths"
What is the definition of Multivalent Elements? It is the ability to form ions with several charges. Example: Copper I (Cu+1) and Copper II (Cu+2)
Roman Numerals are used with what type of charged ions? Positive
Metals are always positive, this means they must always use what? Roman Numerals
What three other types of elements (and individual elements) are used used with Roman Numerals? 1. All Transition Metals 2. All rare Earth elements 3. Sn, Pb, Bi BiS-O-n P-eanut b-utter
What are the exceptions to the rule of every metal uses Roman Numerals? 1. Ag-Silver 2. Sc-Scandium 3. Zn-Zinc
When naming an ionic compound, POSITIVE ions...? Have the same name of the element--no ending or special trend
When naming an ionic compound, NEGATIVE ions...? Element ends with -ide Example: Cl -1 = Chloride O -2 = Oxide N -3 = Nitride
How are monoatomic anions formed? When a non-metal gains an electron
What do Binary Compounds always end in? -ide
What is the FIRST question for naming a compound? Is the formula Binary (2 elements) or Not Binary?
What is the SECOND question for naming a compound? Is the 1st element a Nonmetal or Metal?
What is the THIRD question for naming a compound? Is the Metal's charge Known or Unknown?
Created by: lauraelzarad