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Medical Terminology

Dyspepsia The condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
Gastroenterologist Specialist in the study of treatment of the stomach and intestines
Nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and stomach such as a tube that travel from the nose to the stomach
Myelocyte An immature blood cell in the bone marrow
Thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein due to blood clot formation
Abdominocentesis a puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of abdominal fluid
Cirrhosis Chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
Presbyopia a vision condition of a reduced ability to focus due to old age
Otosclerosis A condition of hardening of bone tissue in the ear
Salpingitis inflammation of the eustachian tube in the ear or the uterine tube
tympanometry The process of measuring the compliance and mobility (conductibility) of the tympanic membrane
Anorchism the condition in whch one or both testes are absent
Aspermia The condition in whch one is unable to produce or ejaculate sperm
Colposcope A special kind of scope designed to examine the vagina
episiotomy an incision made in the perineum to facilitate child birth
gynecologist A physician who specializes in the reprductive system of women
Hydrocele A hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
Obstetrics The specialty pertaining to the carc and treatment of mother and feus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
Orchiopexy Surgical treatment of an undescended testicle by freeing it and implanting it into the scrotum
Vasectomy Excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Morphology The study of form, including the sice and shape of a specimen such as a blood cell
Bacteriuria The presence of bacteria in the urine
Cytoscope Type of endoscope that is used to examine the bladder
Hydronephrosis A condition of the urine pooling in the renel pelvis
Polyuria Condition in which one urinates excessively
Pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
Ureterolithiasis The condition of having a stone form in the ureter
Urologist Physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
Exophthalmia Pertaining to The protuberance of the eye
Keratoplasty The surgical repair or reconstruction of the cornea
Photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nail
Percutaneous Through the skin
sarcoma tumor of the flesh
subcutaneous Pertaining to below the skin
xeroderma dry skin
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
hysterectomy The surgical removal of the uterus
lactogenic pertaining to the production of milk
mammogram An x-ray of the breast
mastodynia breast pain
oligospermia to few sperm in the semen
Oophoritis inflammation of the ovary
pancreatitis inflammation fo the pancreas
keratosis a condition of thickened epidermis
prostatalgia painful prostate
otorrhinolaryngologist A specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
Presbyacusis hearing loss due to old age
myringitis the inflammation of the tympanic membrane
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
endoscopic pertaining to the process of viewing inside
otalgia earache
hematemesis bloody vomit
hematology medical study of the blood
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
Lacrimation Process of secreting tears
dermatologist A specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
glucosuria condition of sugar in the urine
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
otitis inflammation of the ear
audiometry measurement of hearing
anemia blood condition in which there is a reduction the the number of red blood cells, hemogloben, and the volume of packed red blood cells
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
hematopoiesis the process of formation and development of various types of blood cells
nephrosis an abnormal condition of the kidney
ketonuria Condition in which keto bodies in the urine
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
optometry the process of measuring the eye
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
hemocytoblasts primitive cells in the bone marrow that develop into blood cells
leukopenia too few white blood cells
conjuctivitis inflammtion of the conjuctiva
esophagitis inflammation of the esophogus
reticulocyte immature red blood cells or erythrocytes
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
retinitis inflammtion of the retina
lithotripsy the crushing of a stone
hemolysis the breakdown of the red blood cell membrane
urethralgia pain in the urethra
vesicotomy an incision into the bladder
histology the study of tissues
tympanoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
dyspahgia pertaining to the difficulty in eating or swallowing
arthralgia joint pain
arthritis inflammation of the joints
arthroscopy process of viewing a joint
bradykinesia slow movement
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac around joints
chondromomalacia softening of the cartilage
craniotomy surgical incision of the skull
electromyogram record of the electrical activity of a muscle
pericardium lining arouund the outside of the heart
polyneuritis inflammation of two or more nerves
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
bronchoscopy process of viewing the bronchi
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
lymphadenopathy a disease state in which lymph nodes are enlarged
larynygospasm contraction of laryngeal muscles, causing constriction
suprapubic pertaining to above the pubic bone
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
tachycardia pertaining to a fast heartrate
thoractomy incision into the chest
orthopedist a specialist in the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
pulmonologist a specialist in diseases of the lungs
electromyogram record of the electrical activity of a muscle
orthopedic literally means pertaining to a straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
dyspnea difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
epidural pertaining to above the duramater
bursitis inflammation of the bursa a fluid filled sac around joints
metastasis the spread of cancer cells beyond the origional site of the tumor thorugh blood or lymph
thyroidectomy surgical removal of the thyroid gland
schizoprenia a type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
epilepsy a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
akinesia loss of normal muscle movement
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
tracheostomy creation of an opening in the trachea usually to insert a tube
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
andromorphous male form or appearance
spirometry measurement of breathing
hemiparesis paralysis of one side of the body
leukemia a malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white bllod cells, or leukocytes
angiography an examination of blood vessels via radiographic study
anoxia without oxygen
hyperesthesia increased sensitivity to stimulation such as touch or pain or other sensory stimuli
ketoacidosis condition of an increase presence of ketone bodies
arthroscopy process of viewing a joint
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
hydrocephalus excess cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
hypertension high blood pressure
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
arteriogram record (x-ray) of an artery
meningitis inflammation of the meninges of the brain
phagocyte a cell that consumes bacteria, foreign particales and other cells
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
endarterectomy surgical removal of the inside of an artery
endocardium membrane lining in the cavities of the heart
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest
arthralgia joint pain
myelogram an x-ray of the spinal cord
marcocytosis the presence of large red blood cells
arteriosclerosis thickening, loss of elasticity and hardening of arterial walls
lymphocytopenia an abnormally reduced numer of lyphocytes
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
myalgia muscle pain
cebrebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen levels
autoimmune the disorder characterized by abnormal function of the imune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
bradykinesia slow movement
adenoma tumor of glandular tissue
glucogenic giving rise to or producing glucose
adrenomegaly enlargement of the adrenal gland
bradycardia pertaining to slow heart rate
hypoxemia to little oxygen in the blood
pancytopenia an abnormally reduced number of all types of blood cells
septicemia bacterial infection of the blood
chonodromalacia softening of the cartilage
splenomegaly an enlarged spleen
hyperthyroidism condition of to much thyroid hormone
hypokalernia low blood potassium
hyposecretion abnormally decreased secretion
thymus the removal of the thymus gland
neuralgia nerve pain
caridologogist a physician who specializes in disease of the heart
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immune suppressive agents
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
arthritis inflammation of the joints
pneumothorax air of gas in the chest cavity
intercostal pertaining to between ribs
lymphoma a neoplasm of the lymphatic system
polydipsia condition of excessive thirst
neurologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
paraplegia paralysis of both lower extremities and generally the lower trunk
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
patellectomy surgical removal of the kneecap
hormonal pertaining to hormones
thymoma tumor of the thymic tissue
myocardium heart muscle tissue
electroencephalogram record of the elctrical activity of the brain
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
larygoscope instrument of viewing the larynx
craniotomy surgical incision of the skull
neur/o nerve
nat/o birth
nephr/o kidney
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
myc/o fungus
myel/o bonemarrow, spinal cord
myring/o eardrum
morph/o form/shape
muc/o mucus
natal birth/ delivery
noct/o night
nyctal/o night
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye
onych/o nail
oopor/o ovary
or/o mouth
orch/o testis
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
ovari/o ovary
oxi oxygen
pachy thick
pncreat/o pancreas
par/o bear;labor
patell/o kneecap
pector/o chest
ped children
pelv/i pelvis
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o eat or swallow
phalang/o finger or toe bones
pharyng/o pharyny
phleb vein
phot/o light
phren/o mind or diaphragm
pil/o hair
pneum/o lung;air
pod/o foot
podi foot
presby/o old age
proct/o rectum
psych/o mind or soul
psych/i mind or soul
pub/o pubis;pubic bone
pulmon/o lungs
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
quadr/i four
radi/o radius
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o a net
retin/o retina
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle; striated muscle
rheum watery discharge
rhin/o nose
salping/o eustachian or uterine tube
sarc/o flesh
schiz/o split
semin/o semen
septi bacteria
sial/o saliva
sinus/o sinus
somat/o body
sperm/o sperm
spermat/o sperm
spher/o round
sphygm/o pulse
spir/o breathe,breath
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra, vertebral column
steth/o chest
stoma mouth
stomat/o mouth
synovi/o joint
tars/o ankle bone
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tendon/o tendon
test/o testis
testicul/o testis
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
trache/o trachea
tympan/o eardrum
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urinary tract
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
xanth/o yellow
bili bile;gall
blephar/o eyelid
brinch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o brinchiloe
bucc/o cheek
burs/o joint
calc/i calcium
capmia carbon dioxide
cracin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bone
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
cirrh/o yellow
chol/e bilr;gall bladder
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gall bladder
chondr/o cartilage
coagul/o clotting
cochle/o cochlea
col/o colon
colp/o vagina (sheath)
canjuctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o heart
coron/o heart
corne/o cornea
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium skull
cry/o cold
cut/o skin
cuti skin
cutahe/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder;sac
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tears
dent tooth
dermo/o skin
dermat/o skin
dipl/o two;double
dips/o thirst
duoden/o duodenum
dur/a dura mater
electr/o electricity
embry/o embryo
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines
eosin/o red
erythr/o red
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o vulva
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
fasci/o fascia
femor/o femur
fet/o fetus
fet/iu fetus
fibul/o fibula
fund/o fundus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
glauc/o silver;gray
gli/o nerve cell
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose;sugar
glyc/o glucose/sugar
gonad/o sex glands
gravid/a pregnancy
gravid/o pregnancy
gyn/o woman
gyn/e woman
gynec/o woman
hemat/o blood
hem/o blood
hemangi/o blood vessel
hepat/o liver
hidr/o sweat
hormone/o hormone
humer/o humerous
hydr/o water,fluid
hyster/o uterus
ile/o ileum
ili/o ileum
immune/o protection
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kerat/o cornea
ket/o ketone bodies
keton/o ketone bodies
kinesi/o movement
lacrim/o tears
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
ligament/o ligament
lingua tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lumb/o lower back
lymph/o lymph
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
melan/o black
men/o menses;menstruation
mening/o meninges (membrane)
meningi/o meninges (membrane)
metacarp/o hand bone
metatars/o foot bone
a no
an not
ana without
ab awayfrom
ante before;forward
anti against
auto self
bi two
brady slow
carcin cancerous
contra against;opposite
dys difficult; painful
ect outside,out
en within;in
endo within
epi above;upon
ex out
hemi half
gynec/o woman
hyper above, excessive
hypo below; deficient
infra below;inferior
inter between
intra within
iso same;equal
macro large
mal bad
meta change
micro small
multi many
neo new
non not
oligo few;less
pan all
para near
per through
peri around
poly many; excessive
post after
pre before; infant of
primi first
retro behind
semi half
sub below
super above
above ontop of
sym with
syn together with
tachy fast
tri 3
uni 1
xero dry
ac pertaining to
al pertaining to
ar pertaining to
ary pertaining to
algia pain
blast germ or bud
cele hernia
centesis surgical puncture
crine to secrete
crit to seperate
cyte cell
cytosis condition of cell
desis binding together
ectomy surgical removal, excision
emesis vomit
emia blood
genesis origin
genic producing
gen forming
globin protein
glbulin protein
gram record
graph instrument for measuring
graphy process of recording
ia pertaining to
iac pertaining to
ic pertaining to
iasis formation or presence of
ism condition
itis inflammation
ium structure or tissue
lepsy seizure
lysis breakdown
lytic breakdown
malacia softening
megally enlargement
metry process of measuring
oid resembling;like
(o)logist specialist in the study or treatment of
ology study of
oma tumor
osis abnormal condition
ostomy creation of an opening
otomy incision into
ous pertaining to
paresis paralysis
pathy disease
penia decreased number
pepsia digestion
pexy suspension or fixation
phagia eating;swallowing
phobia abnormal fear
phonia voice;sound
phoresis caryying;transmission
phoria feeling
plasty surgical repair
plegia paralysis
pnea breathing
poiesis formation
r/rhage bursting forth
tr/rhagia bursting forth
rrhea flow;discharge
rhexis rupture
sclerosis hardening
scope instrument for viewing
somnia sleep
somn/o sleep
spasm involuntary contraction or twitch
stasis control;stop
stenosis narrowing
therapy treatment
thorax chest;pleural activity
tocia labor
toc/o labor;birth
tripsy crushing
trophy growth; development
tropin nourish
abdomin/o abdomen
aen/o gland
adip/o fat
amino amnion
andr/o male
angi/o vessel
aque/o watery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
arth/o joint
ather/o fat
audi hearing; sound
aur/o ear
balan/o glans penis
Created by: Spectre