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ch. 40& 41

clinical lecture

HEMATOLOGY DEPARTMENT the hematology department tests the formed (cellular) elements of the blood. - these test maybe Qualitative or Quantitative
what does the Hematology Department check for n the blood; wHAT kind of formed elements? 1) PLATELETS 2) RED BLOOD CELLS (RBC) 3) WHITE BLOOD CELLS (WBC)
quantitative involve actual number counts - CBC
qualitative focus on the characteristics of the components such as : - size - shape - maturity
CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT analyze the chemical components of the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, &joint fluid
whatkind of test are formed in the chemistry department? toxicology, including TDM & identifications of drugs of abuse
IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY (BLOOD BANK) DEPARTMENT the serology (immunology) department - performs tests to evaluate : *the bodys immune response * production of antibodies * cellular immune response evaluate the bodies antibodies
TOXICOLOGY tests for: - toxic substances in a person's blood and - monitors any drug usage, therepeutic levels of medication thats prescribed , - or toxicity to the drug being used *blood poison ,alcohols - alcohol pad would alter a blood test for toxicology
DNA 1) Paternity and Maternity of children 2)DNA testing for criminal cases - dna test compare individuals according to their individual genotype
PARISITOLOGY DEPARTMENT - where ova & parasite test are performs O&P - detection of parasites or their eggs
CYTOLOGY DEPARTMENT used to detects early signs of cancer or disease such as : - pap smears - biopsy
HISTOLOGY DEPARTMENT - study of tissue samples - biopsies to determine disease ( larger sample biopsy)
HEMATOLOGY the study of blood and its components, fluids, & cells
PHLEBOTOMY the process of collecting blood for diagnostic purposes
VENIPUNCTURE VENIPUNCTURE _ PHLEBOTOMY - used to detrmine the disease processes taking place and to determine the method of treatment
DILATE to get bigger
CONSTRICT to shrink
PLASMA the liquid portion of uncoagulated blood
SERUM the liquid portion : plasma - fibrinogen
GAUGE SIZE the smaller the gauge the larger the needle the larger the gauge the smaller the needle
what happend to the rbc if yhu use to small of a needle when doing a blood draw hemolysis
GOLD TOP sparating gel and clor activator
LIGHT GREEN plasma separating tube ( Na heparin ) - uses : chemistries
TAN/BROWN TOP sodium heparn - serum lead determination
BLACK TOP sodium citrate (buffered) - westegren sedementation rate
ORANGE TOP thrombin - stat serum chemistres
appropiate venipuncture site 1) antecubital region (median cubital vein, then basilic or cephalic) 2) back of the hand - veins tend to roll 3)back of wrist 4)back of foot or ankle
hemoconcentration when tourniquet is left on for too long - increasd formation of formed elements
hematoma bruise - outcome of tourniquette beingleft for too long
edematous arms - swollen arms cannot draw from this site
syringe technique used to obtaina small volume of blood
blood culture 1) when is it usually drawn ? ( in order of draw ) 2) how muchwould u draw on aninfant and an adult 1) first blood draw 2) infant - 1-4ml adult - 10 ml the minimum
what do you do is a blood sample cannot be obtained after two attempts ? 1) have another medical assistant attempt 2) notify their physician
how long does it take the AIDS Virus to incubate ? 6-12 weeks & 1 minute to circulate throughout your whole body
Erythrocytes 1) carry 02 2) produced in the bone marrow 3) circulate in 120 days 4) become brittle and become destroyed in the liver and spleen
silent killer carbon monoxide
Created by: x3moren1tax3