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Chapter 16

Arrhenius Definition: Acid Produces H+(aq) in water.
Arrhenius Definition: Base Produces OH- in water.
Arrhenius Definition: Neutralization Reaction between an acid and a base producing a salt and water.
Bronstead-Lowry: Acid Donates an H+ to another substance.
Brownstead-Lowry: Base Accepts an H+ from another substance.
Bronstead-Lowry: Neutralization Reaction between an acid and base.
Lewis definition: Acid Accepts an electron pair from a base.
Lewis definition: Base Donates an electron pair to an acid.
Lewis Definition: Neutralization An electron transfer from a base to an acid.
In water, acids increase the concentration of protons H+
In water, bases increase the concentration of hydroxide ions OH-
Strong acids: HCl, HBr, HNO3, HClO4, HClO, H2SO4 Virtually totally product favored process.
Weak acids: are heavily reactant favored.
Strong bases: All IA metal (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr) hydroxides and some IIA metal (Ca, Sr, Ba) Hydroxides. Dissociates 100% into ions
pH= -log10[x]
Created by: aferri4