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# MS physics 1

### middle school physics stock clues 1

Question | Answer |
---|---|

theory of general relativity | Albert Einstein |

Nobel Prize in physics for the photoelectric effect | Albert Einstein |

annus mirabilis (miracle year), 1905 | Albert Einstein |

Brownian motion | Albert Einstein |

with Satyendra Bose | Albert Einstein |

the oil drop experiment | electron |

discovered by JJ Thomson | electron |

various levels of orbitals | electron |

outside of the nucleus with a negative charge | electron |

composed of two up quarks and one down quark | proton |

would decay into a pion in a positron | proton |

an extra one belonging to a molecule of water results in a hydronium ion | proton |

positive particle found in the nucleus | proton |

its number in an element is the atomic number | proton |

Ives and Stilwell | the Doppler effect |

light may blue shift or red shift due to this effect | the Doppler effect |

a ratio calculated by dividing wave velocity by source velocity plus wave velocity | the Doppler effect |

the frequency of the wave is changed by the relative motion of an observer | the Doppler effect |

Robert Mulliken/Mulliken scale | electronegativity |

Linus Pauling/Pauling scale | electronegativity |

Sanderson | electronegativity |

measure of an atom's ability to attract electrons to itself | electronegativity |

Boltzmann | entropy |

symbolized S | entropy |

the amount of disorder in the system | entropy |

Sackeur-Tetrode equation | entropy |

this quantity will always increase | entropy |

Gibbs paradox | entropy |

represented by the normal force times a coefficient | friction |

Amontons law | friction |

an equation named for Coulomb | friction |

represented by the Greek letter mu | friction |

force that opposes the motion of two bodies in contact | friction |

when air resistance exactly counteracts this force an object has reached terminal velocity | gravity |

acceleration on earth equal to 9.81 m/s squared | gravity |

it is described on large scales by the general theory of relativity | gravity |

weakest fundamental force | gravity |

magnetic field around a closed loop | Ampere's law |

Maxwell added a displacement current | Ampere's law |

Biot--Savart law | Ampere's law |

it is symbolized capital L | angular momentum |

Clebsch--Gordan coefficients | angular momentum |

Stern--Gerlach experiment | angular momentum |

cross product of position and linear momentum | angular momentum |

product of moment of inertia and angular velocity | angular momentum |

it is equal to three halves times Boltzmann's constant times temperature | kinetic energy |

one half mass times velocity squared for a moving object | kinetic energy |

it is not conserved in inelastic collisions | kinetic energy |

type of energy possessed by objects in motion | kinetic energy |

Kennedy and Thorndike | Michelson Morley experiment |

Dayton Miller | Michelson Morley experiment |

a slab of marble floating in a pool of Mercury | Michelson Morley experiment |

a half silvered glass plate | Michelson Morley experiment |

disproved the existence of the luminiferous ether | Michelson Morley experiment |