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chap 53-55/ 34-38

Drugs on Respiratory Upper/Lower

Drugs that block the release or action of histamine, a chemical released during inflammation that increase secretions and narrow airways. antihistamines
drugs that block the cough reflex antitussives
drugs that decrease the blood flow to the upper respiratory tract and decrease the overproduction of secretions decongestants
drugs that increase productive cough to clear the airways expectorants
drugs that increase of liquefy respiratory secretions to aid the clearing of the airways mucolytics
a process that occurs when the nasal passages become congested as the effect of a decongestant drug wears off rebound congestions
reflex reactions to vasoconstriction caused by decongestants: a rebound vasodialation that often leads to prolonged oveuse of decongestans: also called rebbound congestions rhinitis medicatmentosa
medication used to facilitate respiration by dilating the airways: helpful in symptomatic relief of prevention of bronchial asthma and bronchospasm associated w/ chronic obstructive pulmonary disease bronchodilator
drugs that selectively and competively block or antagonize receptors for the production of leukotrienes D4 and E4, components of slowreacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRSA)` Leukotriene receptor antagonists
drug that works at the cellular level to inhibit the release of histamine (released from mast cells in response to inflammation or irritation) and the release of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRSA) mast cell stabilizer
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system sympathomimetics
naturally occurring susbstance, including caffeine and theophylline, that have a direct effect on the smooth muscle of the respiratory tract, both in the bronchi and in the blood vesels xanthines
Created by: mbhall