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Birth Injury

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risk factors for birth injury include..   very long or short labour, macrosomia, cephalopelvic disproportion, prem, shoulder dystocia, presentation, instrumental delivery  
what is the difference between petechiae and eccymoses   petechiae are pinpoint red spots, eccymoses are bigger than pinpoint  
what are some signs of clavicle injury   asymmetrical moro-reflex, restricted use or malposition  
what treatment is administered to a broken clavicle   rarely needed, break usually unites from day 10  
what are the signs of a broken humerus   asymmetrical moro-reflex, restricted use and tenderness  
what treatment is administered to a broken humerus   immobilise arm by bandaging to the chest  
how do brachial plexus nerve injuries occur   excessive stretching of the brachical plexus i.e. lateral flexion of the neck  
what is erbs palsy   upper arm paralysis  
what is klumpke palsy   lower arm paralysis  
what does klumpke palsy present as   claw hand with no grasp reflex  
what does erbs palsy present as   absent moro in affected arm, waiters tip position  
what is erb-duchenne-klumpke palsy   total brachial plexus palsy  
what other conditions are important to rule out when there is a suspected brachial plexus palsy   cerebral injury, fracture, dislocation  
how are brachial plexus injuries treated   physio and passive excercises  
what percentage of brachial plexus nerve injuries have recoverd by 12 months   92%  
what causes a facial nerve palsy   trauma resulting in haemorrhage and oedema into the nerve sheath  
what are the signs of a facial nerve palsy   persistently open eye, drooling, mouth drawn to normal side on crying  
what is caput succendanum   when the cx impedes venous blood return causing congestion and oedema so serum collects between the scalp and periosteum  
what is a cephalhaematoma   bleeding between the skull and periosteum  
why does a cephalhaematome not spread across suture lines   the periosteum is adherent to the edges of the skull bones  
what are the risks of vitamin k deficiency   LBW trauma asphyxia prem poor feeding antibiotics  
what is the IM dose of vitamin k   2mg  
what is the oral dose of vitamin k   2mg at birth, 7 days and then monthly is breastfed  


   





 
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Created by: KerriPatton on 2012-06-07



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