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CH 5 The Nutrients

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Carbohydrates   nutrients made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, body's source of energy  
Simple carbohydrates   sugars from fruit, vegetables, milk  
Complex Carbohydrates   starches from vegetable, grains, bread and cereal  
Fiber   plant material your body cannot digest  
Fats   supply essential fatty acids, transport vitamins, keep food in your stomach, reserve energy  
Cholesterol   fat-like substance that helps body carry out processes  
Saturated Fats   solid at room temperature, from animal sources  
Unsaturated fats   liquid at room temperature, from plant sources  
Hydrogenated oils   oil that has been turned into solid  
Proteins   substances that body uses to build and repair cells  
Amino Acids   Body's building blocks  
Complete Proteins   contain all the essential amino acids, come from animal sources  
Incomplete Proteins   Lack some amino acids, come from plant sources  
Water   essential for life, body needs 4-6 glasses per day  
Vitamins   chemical mixtures found in many foods  
Fat-soluble vitamins   A,E,D,K, can only mix with fat  
Vitamin A   helps bones, teeth, vision  
Vitamin D   helps bones and teeth  
Vitamin E   Helps form red blood cells  
Vitamin K   Helps blood clotting  
Water-soluble Vitamins   B and C  
Vitamin C   Helps body fight infection  
B Vitamins   Thiamin, riboflavin. Niacin  
Minerals   used for many process, help other nutrients  
Calcium   build strong bones and teeth  
Iron   helps body carry oxygen  
Phosphorus   Builds strong teeth and bones  
Osteoporosis   condition where bones weaken and break easily.  


   




 
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Created by: sueroberts on 2008-04-01



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