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Science Terms Part 1

Terms for microbes, Quiz: 9/14

Amoeba an animal-like protist
Bacteria unicellular organisms that lack membrane-bound structures; a common term used to describe prokaryotes
Capsid the protein shell that surrounds a virus
Capsule a surface layer on some bacteria that helps them stick to each other and surfaces
Cilia a short har-like appendage used by mircroorganisms for motion
Euglena unicellular protist that lives in freshwater characterized by a reddish eyespot and a single flagellum
Eukaryote either unicellular or multi-cellular organism that contains membrane-bound organelles and genetic material within a nucleus
Eyespot an organelle of the protist euglena that is sensitive to light
Flagellum a whip-like structure on unicellular organisms that aids with movement
Microbe any organism or near life form that cannot be seen with the naked eye
Paramecium a protist
Parasite an organism that derives nourishment or habitat from the tissues or fluids of another organism; a eukaryotic pathogen can be unicellular or multi-cellular
Prokaryote a unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelle
Protist generally, a single-celled organism with a nucleus and organelles; including amoebas, euglenas, paramecia, and volvox
Pseudopod an extension of the cytoplasm used for movement in some organisms; a means of locomotion for an amoeba; literally "false foot"
Virus particle consisting DNA encased in a protein coat that injects its DNA into a living cell to reproduce; a microbe that consists of nucleic acid enclosed within a protein shell that requires living cell to reproduce; scientists consider virus not alive
Created by: caroline4