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# SOL 5.1 Holzshu

### SOL 5.1 Scientific Method

Science uses both logic and innovation.
Science is a complex social endeavor.
Scientific knowledge represents the current consensus among scientists.
A classification key is an important tool used to help identify objects and organisms.
A hypothesis is an educated guess/prediction about what will happen based on what you already know.
An independent variable is the factor in an experiment that is altered by the experimenter.
Scientists develop their ideas based on evidence.
A dependent variable is the factor in an experiment that changes as a result of the manipulation of the independent variable.
The constants in an experiment are those things that are purposefully kept the same throughout the experiment.
When conducting experiments, data are collected, recorded, analyzed, and communicated using proper graphical representations and metric measurements.
Bar graphs and line graphs are useful tools for reporting discrete data and continuous data, respectively.
A scientific prediction is a forecast about what may happen in some future situation.
Estimation is a useful tool for making approximate measures and giving general descriptions.
An inference is a tentative explanation based on background knowledge and available data.
A conclusion is a summary statement based on the results of an investigation. Scientific conclusions are based on verifiable observations (science is empirical).
Celsius A unit of metric measurement for temperature.
Meter A unit of metric measurement for length.
Liter A unit of metric measurement for volume.
Yard A unit of customary measurement for length.
Fahrenheit A unit of customary measurement for temperature.
Ounces A unit of customary measurement for volume.
Adding paperclips to a paper airplane. Example of manipulating the indepednent variable.
Throwing the plane with the same power. Example of a constant.
Distance of the paper plane's flight. Example of a dependent variable.
scientists try to remain objective and engage in peer review to help avoid bias.
Bias Not reporting accurate results because you "hope" an experiment will turn out a certain way.
King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk A way to remember the Metric Units.
Identify the Problem The first step in the scientific method.
Form a Hypothesis The step after identifying a problem.
Create & perform an Experiment The step after forming a hypothesis.
Collect Data The step after (or during) performing an experiment.
Analyze the Data The step after collecting data.
Communicate the Results The step after analyzing data.
Kilo Prefix for 1000
Hecto Prefix for 100
Deka Prefix for 10
Deci Prefix for 1/10
Kilo Prefix for 1000
Hecto Prefix for 100
Deka Prefix for 10
Deci Prefix for 1/10
Centi Prefix for 1/100
Mili Prefix for 1/1000
Null Hypothesis The opposite of a given hypothesis, using the "NOT" statement.
IV in "A boy will study harder and do better on tests." study harder
DV in "A boy will study harder and do better on tets." Doing better on the test
Constant in "A boy will study harder and do better on tests." Test & Boy
IV in "You will make more shots if you practice longer." Practice longer
DV in "You will make more shots if you practice longer." Make more shots
Constants in "You will make more shots if you practice longer." You & Shots
If you add more slides I will kill you
Created by: erichholzshu