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Chapteer 1

medical terminology

Abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid; abdominal paracentesis. Also called celiocentesis, celioparacentesis.
acronym Vox populi A neologism created from the first letter of the each of the words in a particular phrase.
acute Pointed at the end; sharp. Of or relating to a disease or a condition with a rapid onset and a short, severe course.Of or relating to a patient afflicted with such a disease
angiography Angiography is the x-ray study of the blood vessels. An angiogram uses a radiopaque substance, or dye, to make the blood vessels visible under x ray. Arteriography is a type of angiography that involves the study of the arteries.
appendectonomy Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix. The appendix is a worm-shaped hollow pouch attached to the cecum, the beginning of the large intestine.
arteriosclerosis a group of diseases characterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls, occurring in three forms: atherosclerosis, Mönckeberg's arteriosclerosis, and arteriolosclerosis
arthraliga pain in a joint
colostomy is a surgical procedure used to create an opening for urine and feces to be released from the body. Colostomy refers to a surgical procedure where a portion of the large intestine is brought through the abdominal wall to carry stool out of the body.
cyanosis Cyanosis is a physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. is associated with cold temperatures,heart failure,lung diseases,and smothering.It is seen in infants at birth as a resul
dermatologist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
diagnosis the determination of the nature of a case of a disease or the distinguishing of one disease from another.
diarrhea Diarrhea is also classified by physicians into acute, which lasts one or two weeks, and chronic, which continues for longer than 2 or 3 weeks. Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of acute.
edema Edema is a condition of abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells (interstitial spaces).
edarterial within an artery
eponym A name of a drug, structure, or disease based on or derived from the name of a person.
erythrocyte red blood cell; corpuscle; one of the formed elements in peripheral blood. Normally, in humans, the mature form is a non-nucleated, yellowish, biconcave disk, containing hemoglobin and transporting oxygen.
fissure 1. any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness. 2. a fault in the enamel surface of a tooth.
fistula A Fistula is a permanent abnormal passageway between two organs in the body or between an organ and the exterior of the body.
gastralgia pain in the stomach; gastric colic
gastritis Gastritis commonly refers to inflammation of the lining of the stomach, but the term is often used to cover a variety of symptoms resulting from stomach lining inflammation and symptoms of burning or discomfort.
gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis is a catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine. It is frequently referred to as the stomach or intestinal flu, although the influenza virus is not associated with this illness.
hemorrhage the escape of blood from the vessels; bleeding.
hepatomegaly The abnormal enlargement of the liver. Also called megalohepatia.General swelling of the liver
hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body's tissues.
hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure
infection 1. invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication, or antigen-antibody response. 2. an infectious disease.
inflamation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissues. The classical signs of acute inflammation are pain, heat redness, swelling, and loss of funct
inflamation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues,which serves to destroy,dilute,or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissues. The classical signs of acute inflammation are pain, heat redness, swelling, and loss of function.
interstitial 1. Relating to, occurring in, or affecting interstices. 2. Anatomy Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ
inflamation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues,which serves to destroy,dilute,or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissues. The classical signs of acute inflammation are pain, heat redness, swelling, and loss of function.
intramuscular pertaining to the interior of muscle tissue
laceration 1. the act of tearing. 2. a torn, ragged, mangled wound. . A jagged wound or cut. 2. The process or act of tearing tissue. Also called a tear. Separation of skin or other tissue by a tremendous force, producing irregular edges.
lesion any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part.
mycosis any disease caused by fungi
myelopathy 1. any functional disturbance and/or pathological change in the spinal cord; often used to denote nonspecific lesions, as opposed to myelitis. 2. pathological bone marrow changes.
myopathy any disease of muscle.
myorrhexis rupture of a muscle. Tearing of a muscle
natal 1. pertaining to birth. 2. gluteal. 1. Of, relating to, or accompanying birth. 2. Of or relating to the buttocks
neonatology the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the newborn. The branch of pediatrics that deals with the diseases and care of newborns.
neuritis Inflammation of a nerve.
otorhinolaryngology the branch of medicine dealing with the ear, nose, and throat.
palpation the act of feeling with the hand; the application of the fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body for the purpose of determining the condition of the parts beneath in physical diagnosis.
palpitaion a subjective sensation of an unduly rapid or irregular heartbeat Perceptible forcible pulsation of the heart, usually with an increase in frequency or force, with or without irregularity in rhythm.
pathology 1. the branch of medicine dealing with the essential nature of disease, especially changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease. 2. the structural and functional manifestations of disease.
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes; see anatomic Table of Bones in the Appendices
poliomyelitis an acute viral disease usually caused by a poliovirus and marked clinically by fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, and often stiffness of the neck and back; these may be the only symptoms of the minor illness. In the major illness, which may or may no
prognosis a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disorder. 1. A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease. 2. The likelihood of recovery from a disease.
prostate a gland surrounding the bladder neck and urethra in the male; it contributes a secretion to the semen.
pyoderma any purulent skin disease. A pus-containing skin infection, such as impetigo, caused by Staphylococcus or group A Streptococcus bacteria.
pyrosis heartburn -.-
remission 1. a. The act of remitting. b. A condition or period in which something is remitted. 2. A lessening of intensity or degree; abatement. 3. Medicine Abatement or subsiding of the symptoms of a disease. The period during which the symptoms of a disease
sign A body manifestation that serves to indicate the presence of malfunction or disease.
supination 1. To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces up or forward. 2. To turn or rotate (the foot) by adduction and inversion so that the outer edge of the sole bears the body's weight.
suppuration 1. The formation or discharge of pus. 2. Pus.
supracostal Situated above, or on the outside of, the ribs
symptom A characteristic sign or indication of the existence of something else: "The affair is a symptom of a global marital disturbance; it is not the disturbance itself" 2. A sign or an indication of disorder or disease, especially when experienced by an indiv
syndrome A group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, psychological disorder, or other abnormal condition. 2. a. A complex of symptoms indicating the existence of an undesirable condition or quality. b. A distinctive or characteris
tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils
trauma A serious injury or shock to the body, as from violence or an accident. 2. An emotional wound or shock that creates substantial, lasting damage to the psychological development of a person, often leading to neurosis.
triage . A process for sorting injured people into groups based on their need for or likely benefit from immediate medical treatment. Triage is used in hospital emergency rooms, on battlefields,and at disaster sites when limited medical resources must be allocat
viral Of, relating to, or caused by a virus
Created by: michellee