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Sociology Chapter 1

What is sociology

What is Sociology? It is a social science. It is the study of human groups and societies. It works together with political science, anthropology, economics and human geography.
Sociological Imagination? Refers to the kind of thinking sociologists need to do in order to come up with questions.Sociologists need to imagine the situation and how the people living it may feel. They need to think outside their own customs.
Structuration? We are shaped by society and society is shaped by us.
Theory? is an abstract interpretation of a variety of situations, which help researches frame a hypothesis.
Durkheim, What is Organic Solidarity? suggested that society has different parts, the parts being the different institutions and those part need to work together in harmony in order for the whole to be in peace.
Karl Marx (Capitalism) Class struggle. Social change is prompted by economic influences.
Capitalism? involves the production of goods and services sold to a wide range of consumers. Those who own capital, or factories, machines and large sums of money form a ruling class.
Functionalism? explains that social events can be interpreted in terms of the functions they play, like its contribution to society.
Du Bois? claimed that one's sense of self and one's identity are greatly influenced by historical experiences and social circumstances.
Symbolic interactions? (Mead). Symbols and language are the core elements of all human interaction.
Manifest function? are things that are purposely done by the participants of a social group for something.
Latent functions? are the consequences of the things done by participants that they are not aware of.
Functionalist thinking? sociologists want to discover the latent functions of social institutes.
Post modernism? suggests that out society is not governed by the past or by progress it is governed by the media.
Microsociology? Face to face studies
Macrosociology? the study of large groups, organizations, or social systems.
Developmental questions? sociologists ask questions about the origin and path of the development of social institute.
Research methods Ethnography, surveys and experiments
Ethnography the sociologist gets directly involved in the social institute he/she is studying.
Created by: Crisely