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5th Grade Review

Review Words Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Classify to put things into groups
Kingdom is the highest most general group of organisms
Phylum the level of classification of living things below kingdom
Class the level of classification below phylum
Species the lowest level of classification
Vertebrates an animal with a backbone
Invertebrate an animal without a backbone
Dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world.
Vascular tissues move food and water around the plant to help it grow
Chloroplast absorbs energy from sunlight to produce carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water during photosynthesis
Chlorophyll green colored matter found in chloroplasts of plants
Photosynthesis the process by which plants use light energy to make sugars
Purpose State the problem, this can be in the form of a question.
Research Find out about the topic using books and/or Internet.
Hypothesis Predict the answer to the problem.
Experiment Develop a procedure to test your hypothesis.
Analysis Record the results of your experiment.
Conclusion Compare your hypothesis to your experiments results.
Xylem Tubes in vascular plants that carry water and other materials.
Phloem Tubes in vascular plants that carry sugar away from the leaves.
Tropism A way that plants change their growth because of something outside of them.
Growth Hormone A chemical that causes more cells to grow and helps cells grow larger.
Ally A friend who helps in a fight
Conquest Capture or taking of something by force
Expedition Journey made for a special purpose
Latitude Distance north and south of the equator, measured in degrees
Longitude Distance east of west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
Society Group of people forming a community.
Missionary Person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs.
Colony Settlement far from the country that rules it.
Colonist Person who lives in a colony
Columbian Exchange Movement of people, animals, plants, diseases, and ways of life between the Eastern Hemisphere and Western
Ecosystem all living and nonliving things in an area and their interactions
Population a group of organisms of one species that live in an area at the same time
Community different populations in a certain area
Niche a role in an ecosystem, which includes what type of food the organism takes in, how it gets its food, and which of the other species use the organism as food
Habitat a place that provides all the things an organism needs to live
Predator an animal that hunts and eats another animal for energy
Prey an animal that is hunted by another animal for food
Producer plants and some other organisms that make their own food for energy
Consumer organisms that can’t make their own food, but get their energy from producers or other consumers.
Pollution any substance that harms or damages the environment
Conservation an attempt to protect or preserve an environment from changes that can be harmful to it
Organism an individual animal, plant, or single—celled life form
Respire making food into energy
Biotic all living organisms in an ecosystem
Abiotic the name given to non
Biome large ecosystems with the same climate and organisms
Competition the struggle of organisms for the same resources needed for survival
Food chain a series of steps by which energy moves from one type of living thing to another
Ecology the study of organisms and their interactions with one another and with the physical and chemical environment around them
Food web a diagram that combines many food chains into one diagram. It is used to see how different food chains are connected in an ecosystem.
Symbiosis a long
Environment all of the conditions surrounding an organism. These conditions meet the needs of the organism
Nutrition needing food and or minerals for respiration
Reproduce the ability to make offspring. This keeps the species in existence
Sensitive responding and reacting to the environment
Growth becoming larger or stronger
Excrete getting rid of waste
Movement the ability to move
Regulation limits that are put on how many animals a person can hunt or fish for
Glucose a sugar that is an important energy source for living organisms
Carrying capacity the number of organisms that can live in a habitat
Created by: abrock22